Doctor's Notes on STDs in Men (Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Men)
- herpes simplex,
- lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV),
- human papillomavirus (HPV, or genital warts),
- hepatitis B and C,
- human herpes virus 8 (HHV-8),
- pubic lice, and
Symptoms of STDs in men depend on the infection:
- Chancroid starts out as a tender bump that then erupts into a painful genital or oral ulcers.
- Genital herpes causes genital or oral blisters.
- LGV can cause rectal blisters, rectal or anal inflammation or pain, scarring, and narrowing, which cause diarrhea and a sense of incomplete evacuation of the bowels.
- Syphilis may produce no symptoms or can cause oral or genital ulcers, rash, fever, or neurological illnesses ranging from forgetfulness to stroke.
- Chlamydia and gonorrhea can cause burning on urination and a penile discharge (dripping).
- HIV may cause nonspecific illness 2 to 4 weeks after they have been infected characterized by fever, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle and joint pains, headache, sore throat, and painful lymph nodes.
- HPV causes genital warts and is associated with the development of anal or penile cancers in men.
- Hepatitis B and C cause liver inflammation.
- HHV-8 has been associated with Kaposi's sarcoma (an unusual skin tumor), and possibly certain lymphomas (tumors of the lymph tissue).
- Pubic lice and scabies are tiny parasitic bugs that can cause small itchy bumps.
What Is the Treatment for STDs in Men?
Treatment of STDs in men depends on the type of STD. Bacterial STDs can be typically cured with antibiotics, while viral infections may persist throughout life. There is no cure for HPV infections, although they may go away on their own over time. Treatment options for STDs in men include:
- Antibiotics for chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis infections
- Antiparasitic medications for public lice and scabies
- Medications to eliminate Trichomonas
- Antiviral medications to control HIV and herpesvirus infections, although treatment cannot cure these infections
- Medications to manage chronic HCV infection
STD : Symptoms, Testing & List QuizQuestion
Condoms are the best protection from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).See Answer
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Cervical DysplasiaCervical dysplasia is the presence of precancerous changes in the cells of the lining of the cervix. Cervical dysplasia is classified by two terms, squamous intraepithelial lesion and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. The cause of cervical dysplasia is infection with the HPV virus (human papilloma virus). An HPV infection that does not resolve on it's own can lead to genital warts, cervical dysplasia, and cervical cancer. The treatment of cervical dysplasia depends on the severity (mild, moderate, or severe).
CervicitisCervicitis is inflammation of a woman's cervix, and may be caused by STD's or injuries to the cervix. Cervicitis symptoms include vaginal discharge, bleeding, itching, and itching; lower back pain; and pain during intercourse. Treatment of cervicitis is generally with prescribed antibiotics.
ChlamydiaChlamydia is a bacterial sexual transmitted disease (STD) spread when people have sexual relations. Often, there are no symptoms. Chlamydia is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis and is transmitted either from person to person through sexual contact (oral, anal, or vaginal); or from mother to child during birth. Symptoms of chlamydia may vary in men and women. Treatment is generally through antibiotics.
Condoms and STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases)In addition to helping prevent pregnancy, male condoms -- either latex or vinyl -- can help protect against a number of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). They include HIV-AIDS, gonorrhea, chlamydia, trichomoniasis, and some genital ulcer diseases.
Crabs (Pubic Lice) Symptoms, Transmission, and TreatmentCrabs (pubic lice) is a parasitic infection. Causes of crabs include sexual contact with an infected person, contaminated towels, bedding, or clothing. The main symptom of crabs (pubic lice) are burning and itching of the pubic area. Treatment for crabs is medication that kills the parasite.
Early Symptoms of Genital HerpesGenital herpes is a viral infection spread through sexual contact. Symptoms include skin blisters, flu-like symptoms and others. The disease is incurable, but anti-viral medications can shorten or prevent outbreaks.
Genital HerpesGenital herpes a highly infectious disease caused by a virus. Genital herpes is very common and is transmitted from person to person during sexual activity. Signs and symptoms of genital herpes include blisters or ulcers in the genital area. Some individuals have no symptoms. There is no cure for genital herpes, only medication to decrease the frequency of outbreaks.
Genital Warts (HPV Infection)Genital warts (HPV) are growths in the genital area of both men and women. Genital warts are contagious and are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Symptoms of genital warts may be none, to painless bumps, itching, and/or a discharge. There is no single effective cure for genital warts. Treatments and medication may decrease the size of the warts or temporarily remove them.
Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B)Hepatitis is a general term that means inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis B is caused by infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV, Hep B). Hepatitis B is transmitted from one person to another person via blood in semen, saliva, vaginal discharge, etc. Symptoms of hepatitis B include loss of appetite, fatigue, nausea, itching, jaundice, and abdomen pain.
Hepatitis B TreatmentHepatitis B is an infection of the liver caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Hepatitis can be potentially prevented by the available hepatitis vaccines for both infants, children, and adults. Hepatitis B treatment options include a class of medications called nucleoside/nucleotide analogues, and interferons. Side effects, drug interactions, warnings and precautions should be discussed with a doctor prior to starting treatment with hepatitis B medicaitons.
Hepatitis C (Hep C, HCV)Hepatitis C (Hep C, HCV) is inflammation of the liver caused by infection with the hepatitis C virus. Hepatitis C is contagious. Symptoms of hepatitis C include fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea, loss of appetite, and jaundice. Treatment for hepatitis C are medications, and if necessary, liver transplant.
Painful Intercourse (Sex)Painful intercourse or sex (dyspareunia) is pain or discomfort in a woman's labial, vaginal, or pelvic areas during or after sexual intercourse. Pain during sex can be caused by endometriosis, vaginal changes that occur during menopause, infections, and uterine fibroids or growths. The pain may be upon entry to the vagina; deep or cramping pain, and muscle spasms or tightness. Treatment for pain during intercourse is directed at the cause.
ProctitisProctitis is an inflammation of the anus rectal lining. Symptoms include pain, bleeding, spasms during bowel movements, a feeling of being unable to empty the bowels completely. Treatment includes safe sex practices and antibiotics.
ScabiesScabies is a skin condition that causes severe itching. Scabies lesions on the skin may look like pimples, and the skin may also be red. Treatment involves washing all clothing and bed linens, vacuuming rugs and furniture, and applying a prescription cream to kill the mites.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are among the most common infectious diseases in the United States. STDs can be spread through any type of sexual activity involving the sex organs, the anus or mouth, or through contact with blood during sexual activity. Examples of STDs include, chancroid, chlamydia, gonorrhea, granuloma inguinale, lymphogranuloma venereum, syphilis, genital herpes, genital warts, hepatitis B, trichomoniasis, pubic lice (crabs), and scabies.Treatment is generally with antibiotics; however, some STDs that go untreated can lead to death.
Swollen Lymph NodesLymph nodes (part of the lymphatic system) may signal infection if they are swollen. Types of conditions that involve swollen lymph nodes include: infection, virus, inflammation, or cancers. Symptoms of swollen lymph nodes depend upon the location. Treatment of swollen lymph nodes also depends upon the location and reason for the enlargement.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.