Doctor's Notes on Stomach Cancer in Children
Stomach cancer (gastric cancer) occurs when the cells of the lining of the stomach start to grow abnormally. The risk of stomach cancer is increased by having an infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacterium, which is found in the stomach.
Early symptoms of stomach cancer (gastric cancer) in children may include anemia (a lower than normal number of red blood cells), but there may be no other signs or symptoms before the cancer spreads. When symptoms of stomach cancer (gastric cancer) in children do occur they may include:
- stomach pain,
- loss of appetite,
- weight loss for no known reason,
- diarrhea, or
Other conditions that are not stomach cancer may cause these same signs and symptoms.
What Is the Treatment for Stomach Cancer in Children?
Treatment for childhood stomach cancer may include:
If the cancer recurs after the treatment above, other treatment that may be used include:
- Targeted therapies, which are designed to target tumor cells that harbor specific genetic changes
- Clinical trials, in which new drugs or combinations of drugs are tested
Must Read Articles:
Can Teenagers Get Stomach Cancer?Teenagers rarely get stomach cancer -- this disease is usually diagnosed in people in their 60s or 70s. If a teen has particular hereditary or other risk factors, however, it’s possible for them to develop stomach cancer even at such a young age.
Gastric Cancer TreatmentGastric cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the lining of the stomach. Age, diet, and stomach disease can affect the risk of developing gastric cancer. Symptoms of gastric cancer include indigestion and stomach discomfort or pain.Tests that examine the stomach and esophagus are used to detect (find) and diagnose gastric cancer.
Stomach CancerStomach cancer is found in the upper digestive tract and usually begins in the lining of the stomach organ. Adenocarcinoma is the most common form of stomach cancer, and this kind of cancer tends to spread or metastasize into the adjoining tissues and organs. Risk factors include: Smoking, a diet low in fruit and vegetables, being male, a diet high in smoked and processed meats, and a prior diagnosis of pernicious anemia Treatment includes surgery, chemotherapy and radiation.
Stomach Cancer vs. Stomach UlcersStomach (gastric) cancer and peptic or stomach ulcers (duodenal and gastric) are diseases of the gastrointestinal (GI, digestive) tract, and both can be caused by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. Usually, there are no distinct early warning signs and symptoms of stomach cancer or stomach ulcers. When symptoms and signs of gastric or duodenal ulcers do occur, usually, they are milder than those from stomach cancer. Stomach cancer often is not diagnosed until the later stages because usually, it causes no early symptoms. Symptoms and signs of advanced stomach cancer include fatigue, weight loss, anemia, black tarry stools, and severe nausea and vomiting, sometimes with blood. Stomach ulcer symptoms and signs include mild digestion, stomach discomfort, hunger pain, or abdominal burning a couple of hours after eating. Gastric and duodenal ulcers can cause gastrointestinal bleeding, but it does not occur until the ulcer ruptures. Duodenal ulcers are benign (noncancerous), and rarely, gastric ulcers can cause stomach cancer.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.