Doctor's Notes on Strep Throat
Strep throat is actually a slang term for an infection caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria that results in a sore, inflamed throat. While strep throat is a common ailment, the majority of cases of sore throat are caused by viruses and not Streptococcus infections. Strep throat is very contagious and is spread by person-to-person contact with an infected individual.
The most common symptoms of strep throat are
Infants and young children may also exhibit fussiness, enlarged lymph nodes (“swollen glands”), poor appetite, and a thick nasal discharge.
Associated symptoms can include
Strep (Streptococcal) Throat Infection : Test Your Infectious Disease IQ QuizQuestion
Just about any painful sore throat is caused by strep.See Answer
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Antibiotics (Side Effects, List, Types)Antibiotics are prescribed to individuals to cure disease by killing bacteria. There are over 100 antibiotics. The main classes of antibiotics include penicillins, cephalosporins, macrolides, flouroquinolones, sulfonamides, tetracyclines, and aminoglycosides. Antibiotic resistance is a growing problem due to the overprescription of antibiotics to individuals. Allergic reactions to antibiotics commonly have the following symptoms shortness of breath, rash, hives, itching, swelling of the lips, face, or tongue, and fainting.
Fever (in Adults)A fever is a body temperature of 100.4 F or greater. A fever may be caused by a virus, bacteria, fungus, blood clot, tumor, drug, or the environment. Treatment of fever in adults usually involves ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or aspirin.
Fever in ChildrenFever is defined as a rectal temperature over 100.4 F or 38 C. Fever isn't life-threatening unless it is persistently high - greater than a 107 F rectal temperature. Fever is usually caused by an infection. Treatment focuses on controlling the temperature, preventing dehydration, and monitoring for serious illness.
Group A Strep (GAS)Streptococcus pyogenes is also known as group A strep (GAS). It causes infections such as: cellulitis, impetigo, necrotizing fasciitis, strep throat, rhuematic fever, PANDAS, and erysipelas. Symptoms, signs, and treatment vary depending upon the type of disease.
Scarlet FeverScarlet fever is predominantly a disease that affects children. Scarlet fever is caused by infection with the bacteria Streptococcus pyogenes. Symptoms and signs include: fever, rash, sore throat and strawberry tongue. Antibiotics are used in the treatment of scarlet fever.
Skin Rashes in ChildrenSkin rashes in children may be categorized as bacterial, viral, life-threatening, fungal, and parasitic rashes. Oftentimes, the associated symptoms help establish the diagnosis. Treatment depends upon the type of rash and the severity of the signs and symptoms.
Sore ThroatSore throats are generally named for the anatomical site affected, such as: the pharynx, tonsils, adenoids, larynx, and epiglottis. Sore throat treatment depends on the cause, infection, viral, or fungal.
Strep Throat Symptoms in Children and AdultsStrep throat is a bacterial infection that can cause the throat to be come red and swollen with visible white patches. Symptoms include fever, swollen lymph nodes, and other problems. Viral infections can sometimes be confused with strep throat.
TonsillitisTonsillitis is an inflammation of the glands of the throat, which results in a sore throat. Tonsillitis is either viral or bacterial. Tonsillitis is contagious. Symptoms of tonsillitis include sore throat, fever, pain when swallowing, headache, nausea, vomiting, cough, runny nose, hoarseness, ear pain, and redness of the eyes. Tonsillitis can be treated with antibiotics. Sometimes it is necessary to remove the tonsils (tonsillectomy).
Upper Respiratory Infection (URI)An upper respiratory tract infection is generally caused by a virus and treatment is directed at managing the symptoms of the infection. Viral infections are not responsive to antibiotics. The most common upper respiratory tract infection is the common cold. Upper respiratory infections are contagious thus prevention measures such as frequent hand washing and avoiding other that are ill are the most effective.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.