Sunburn (Sun Poisoning): Sunburn is a burn on the skin caused by UV radiation. Mild sunburn symptoms include skin redness and pain. Severe cases of sunburn (sun poisoning) are complicated by skin burning and blistering, dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, and possibly infection. A sun rash is caused by a condition referred to as polymorphous light eruption (PMLE). Home remedies for sunburn include over-the-counter pain medicine, aloe vera gels and lotions, and cool tepid baths. Severe sunburn may need medical treatment. Prevention of sunburn include staying out of the sun during the peak hours of the day, wearing sunscreen often and reapply often, and wear protective clothing shielding the exposed body from the sun.
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12 Home Remedies for SunburnEveryone occasionally forgets to apply, or reapply sunscreen now and then. If you do forget, these 11 home remedies will help soothe the pain of sunburn. Make sure you are drinking enough fluid to avoid dehydration. You can apply soothing lotions that contain Aloe Vera and OTC hydrocortisone creams to burned, dry skin. We'll also share tips to help you care for blisters that occur as the result of a bad sunburn.
Dehydration in AdultsDehydration occurs when the loss of body fluids (mostly water), exceeds the amount that is taken in. Causes of dehydration include fever, vomiting, diarrhea, diseases (diabetes), impaired ability to drink, lack of access to safe drinking water, and injuries to the skin. Common symptoms of dehydration include dizziness, dry skin, headache, low urine output, tiredness, sleepiness, dry mouth, and increased thirst. Treatment of dehydration depends upon the severity of the condition.
Dehydration in ChildrenDehydration in children can result from not drinking enough liquids, vomiting, diarrhea, or combination of these conditions. Causes of dehydration in children include viral, bacterial, or parasitic infections, diabetes, and increased sweating, and others. Symptoms include sunken eyes, decrease in urination, no tears when crying, dry mouth, lethargy, and irritability. Treatment at home includes proper fluid replacement. Some cases of dehydration are so severe they may require hospitalization.
Heat RashHeat rash (prickly heat, miliaria) is thought to be due to plugged hair follicles and sweat ducts on the skin. Overexposure to a hot environment, for example, working or exercising in a hot environment, are causes heat rash. There are three types of heat rash, clear, red, and deep.Signs and symptoms of heat rash include itching (prickly heat), red bumps, blisters, or large welts on the face, neck back, stomach, buttocks, groin, or the fold under the breasts. Home remedies for heat rash include first aid, cool baths or showers, and avoiding skin-to-skin contact. OTC and prescription medications may be necessary for treatment. People at risk for heat rash include infants, children younger than four years of age, and people with congenital decreased sweating, are overweight or obese, are bedridden and unable to walk, and the elderly.
MelanomaMelanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer. Symptoms and signs of melanoma include asymmetry, irregular border, color, large diameter, and change in size and shape. Melanoma treatment depends upon the stage of the skin cancer. The prognosis for melanoma depends upon the thickness of the melanoma, depth of penetration and ulceration.
Skin CancerSkin cancer, the most common cancer, happens when skin cells start growing out of control, usually as a result of too much ultraviolet light exposure from the sun or tanning booths. Of the three types of skin cancer -- basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and melanoma -- melanoma is the deadliest. Surgery is the most common treatment for skin cancer.
Thermal (Heat or Fire) BurnsThermal burns are burns caused by heat, rather than chemicals or other causes. They can range from mild, like a sunburn, to severe. The burn severity is determined by the size of the area of the body with burns and how many layers of skin are involved.
Vomiting and NauseaVomiting and nausea are common complaints that accompany many conditions and diseases. A few common causes of vomiting and nausea include food poisoning, viruses, vertigo, head injuries, gallbladder disease, appendicitis, migraine, brain tumors, and infections. Treatment of vomiting and nausea depend on the cause of the symptoms.
Sun Safety FAQs Get answers to your frequently asked questions (FAQs) on sun safety and learn how the sun's damaging rays and ultraviolet (UV) radiation go far beyond tanning, causing wrinkles, premature aging, and sunburn.
Expert Views and News
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- 2 Sunscreen Ingredients Not Safe, Effective: FDA
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- Use Sunscreen Spray? Avoid Open Flame
- CDC: Stay Cool Before Temperatures Soar
- New Sunscreen Labels: What to Look For
- Stay Healthy Under the Sun and in the Water
- Consumer Reports Rates Best Sunscreen Buys
- More People -- Even Kids -- Need to Wear Sunglasses
- Sunburns, Tanning Beds: Young Adults at Risk
- Young Women Tan, Despite Health Risks
- Vitamin A May Help Reduce Melanoma Risk
- Tanning Booths Increase Risk of Most Common Skin Cancer
- Sunscreen Users More Likely to Burn?
- Sunburns: Why They Are So Painful
- Sunscreen Rules from FDA
- Sunscreens With Top Ratings by Consumer Reports
- Pollution May Aggravate Skin Damage From Sun
- Skin Cancer on the Rise
Sunburn (Sun Poisoning) Topic Guide - Visuals
Sunburn (Sun Poisoning) Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins
Aloe Vera Topical
Aloe vera topical is made from the extract of the aloe vera plant leaf. Aloe vera is also known as Burn Plant, Elephant's Gall, Ghee-Kunwar, Hsiang-Dan, Kan...learn more »