Font Size

Swine Flu (cont.)

What Are Treatment Options for Swine Flu?

Patient Comments

Laboratory testing has shown that the swine influenza strains are sensitive to three antiviral medicines that are used to treat human influenza. They are oseltamivir (Tamiflu), zanamivir (Relenza), and peramivir (Rapivab). Oseltamivir is given in pill form. Zanamivir is an inhaled medication, and Peramivir is given intravenously. All three medications require a prescription. The drugs should be given to people who appear to have swine influenza if they have chronic medical conditions that put them at risk for complications (see above) or if they are unusually ill. These drugs can be used for patients with either H1N1 or H3N2v infections. A few drug-resistant H1N1strains have been reported, but most swine flu strains remain sensitive. Older drugs like amantadine (Symmetrel) are not effective. Some physicians think that antiviral drugs are not effective.

Are There Home Remedies for Swine Flu?

People who are suspected of having novel H1N1 or H3N2v (swine) influenza should stay home from work and not go into the community, including attending school or going to work. The CDC recommends that people with influenza-like illness remain at home until at least 24 hours after they are free of fever.

Over-the-counter medicines like ibuprofen (Advil) or acetaminophen (Tylenol) may be used to reduce fever or aches. Aspirin or aspirin-containing products should not be given to children 18 years of age or younger, due to the risk of liver damage (Reye's syndrome). Always follow the package directions for any over-the-counter cold or flu remedy.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/17/2017

Must Read Articles Related to Swine Flu

Coughs A cough is a symptom of an underlying disease or condition. A chronic or persistent cough may signal certain lung conditions that should be evaluated by a healt...learn more >>
Fever (in Adults)
Fever in Adults A fever is a body temperature of 100.4 F or greater. A fever...learn more >>
Fever in Children
Fever in Children Fever is defined as a rectal temperature over 100.4 F or 38 C. Fever isn't life-threatening unless it is persistently high -- greater than a 107 F rectal temper...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Swine Flu:

Swine Flu - Prevention and Concerns

Are you concerned about contracting swine flu? What prevention measures do you use to avoid getting swine flu?

Swine Flu - Symptoms

What symptoms did you experience with your swine flu infection?

Swine Flu - Treatment

What treatment did you receive for swine flu?

Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Swine Influenza A (H1N1) Virus »

Swine influenza is a highly contagious respiratory disease in pigs caused by one of several swine influenza A viruses.

Read More on Medscape Reference »

Medical Dictionary