Symptoms and Signs: Bloody Sputum

What Is Unexplained Weight Loss?

exia is the medical term for general physical wasting with loss of weight and muscle mass due to a disease. This is also known as marasmus.

What Are the Symptoms and Signs of Unexplained Weight Loss?

ref="" rel="emss" onclick="wmdTrack('embd-lnk');">Weight loss can be intentional, such as from dieting and exercise, or unintentional and be a manifestation of illness. Weight loss can result from a decrease in body fluid, muscle mass, or fat. A decrease in body fluid can come from medications, fluid loss, lack of fluid intake, or illnesses such as diabetes. A decrease in body fat can be intentionally caused by exercise and dieting, such as for overweight or obesity. Weight loss is normal after pregnancy.

What Are Symptoms and Signs Related to Unexplained Weight Loss?

following symptoms and signs are related to unexplained weight loss:

  • Loss Of Appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness

What Causes Unexplained Weight Loss?

r causes of weight loss include, but are not limited to, cancer, viral infection (such as CMV or HIV), gastroenteritis, parasite infection, depression, bowel diseases, and overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).

The loss of weight and lack of nutrition associated with a chronic illness is referred to as cachexia. Unexplained, unintentional weight loss is often a result of illness and should be evaluated by a health care professional.

  • Bowel Obstruction
  • Dental Problems
  • Infections (Parasites)
  • Malabsorption
  • Medications (Both Prescription and Nonprescription)

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Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.