Doctor's Notes on Testicular Cancer in Children
Testicular cancer in children is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of one or both testicles; there are two types - germ cell tumors (start in sperm cells) and non-germ cell tumors (start in the tissues that surround and support the testicles). Both types can be benign or cancerous and both types may present with one or more of the following signs and symptoms: painless lump in the testicles, pain in the abdomen or back, difficulty breathing, streaks of blood in the sputum.
The exact cause of testicular cancers in children is not known. Associated risk factors include males with undescended testicles, family history of testicular cancer, previous history of testicular cancer and congenital abnormalities of the testicles.
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Stomach Pain (Abdominal Pain) in ChildrenAbdominal pain in children can range from trivial to life-threatening. Symptoms of abdominal pain range from vomiting, diarrhea, fever, groin pain, urinary problems, or skin rash. The location of the abdominal pain may be around the belly button, occurs only at night, while eating. The pain pain also may be intermittent. Treatment of abdominal pain in children is depends on the cause. Possible causes of abdominal pain in children include infections, food related (food allergy or food poisoning), poisoning from medication, food, household products, appendicitis, diabetes, or spider bites.
Swollen (Inflamed) TesticlesSwollen testicles can be caused by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), epididymitis (infections), or by twisting (torsion) of a testicle or appendage. Less common causes of swollen testicles are inguinal hernias, inflammation of the testicle (orchitis), a tumor in the testicle, kidney stones, hydrocele, and scrotum swelling. Pain, redness, and tenderness can affect one or both testicles and or scrotum. Testicular torsion causes severe testicular pain, swelling, and redness needs immediate surgery to save the affected testicle.
Testicular CancerTesticular cancer is a cancer of the male sex organs essential for producing testosterone, libido and other crucial functions. Cancer is usually in only one testicle, the tumor is malignant if it begins to subsume the healthy tissue. Malignant testicular tumors can metastasize to other organs. Testicular cancer is a rare cancer with a high cure rate.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.