What Is the Treatment for the Cause of Testicular Pain?
The medical treatment and/or surgical treatment for testicular pain depends entirely upon the underlying cause:
Trauma: After careful evaluation, if no serious underlying testicular injury has been identified, most cases of testicular trauma can be managed and treated at home. Treatment consists of the following measures:
- Pain medications, including anti-inflammatory agents
- Scrotal support and elevation
- Ice packs
More severe cases of testicular trauma such as testicular rupture, blunt trauma with an associated hematocele (a collection of blood), and penetrating traumatic injuries to the testicle often require surgical intervention.
Testicular torsion: This condition requires immediate consultation by a urologist (specialist in genital and urinary organs) for surgical management. Prior to surgery, a doctor may attempt to untwist the testicle manually to relieve the problem temporarily, though definitive surgery will ultimately still be required. Surgery will consist of untwisting the affected testicle, assessing its viability, and finally securing the testicle to the scrotal wall (orchiopexy) to prevent subsequent episodes of torsion. The other testicle also is often secured to the scrotal wall in order to prevent testicular torsion of that testicle.
Epididymitis: The treatment for this condition is generally managed on an outpatient basis, although patients with severe cases of epididymitis accompanied by complications may require hospitalization. Generally speaking, treatment consists of the following:
- Antibiotics for 10 to 14 days with the choice of antibiotic prescribed varying depending on the age and sexual history of the individual
- Pain medications, including anti-inflammatory drugs
- Scrotal support and elevation
- Ice packs
Rarely, individuals with epididymitis may develop a complication requiring surgical management, such as a scrotal abscess. Also, some cases of chronic epididymitis refractory to the above measures may require the administration of nerve blocks for pain control, or rarely surgical removal of the epididymis (epididymectomy).
Torsion of a testicular appendage: The treatment for this self-limiting condition primarily consists of pain control with anti-inflammatory medication, scrotal support and elevation, and ice packs. The pain should generally go away within about one week.
Inguinal hernia: The definitive treatment for inguinal hernias requires surgery, which is generally accomplished electively as an outpatient. However, individuals with inguinal hernias that cannot be pushed back in (incarcerated hernia) require emergent surgical management.
- Individuals with hernias should be instructed to avoid straining and to avoid lifting heavy objects. Also, there are various medical devices used to provide support for those individuals with hernias. Consult with your health care professional for more information.
Orchitis: The treatment measures for orchitis include pain medication, ice packs, scrotal support, and rest. Antibiotics are reserved only for those cases of bacterial orchitis (not viral orchitis). Rarely, a complication from orchitis (such as an abscess) may require surgical drainage.
Testicular tumor: A testicular mass requires prompt evaluation by a urologist in order to establish a definitive diagnosis. If the patient has testicular cancer, he will be referred to a specialist for further treatment options.
Kidney stone: The treatment for an uncomplicated kidney stone generally involves pain medication, anti-nausea medication, and medication that facilitates the passage of the kidney stone (for example, tamsulosin [Flomax]). Certain individuals with kidney stones will require urologic intervention to remove the kidney stone. If the kidney stone is complicated by an infection, emergent urologic consultation is required.
What Home Remedies Can Treat Testicular Pain at Home?
There is no home treatment for testicular pain until a doctor can find what's causing the pain. In general, you should seek medical care immediately if you or your child experiences testicular pain. For temporary relief pain medication like ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) and acetaminophen (Tylenol) may help provide temporary relief. Remember not to give your child aspirin because of the risk of Reye's syndrome.
Medical treatment will depend upon the cause of the pain, and it may include:
- Pain medicine
- Scrotal support
If you are experiencing pain in the scrotum or testes, contact a doctor or other medical healthcare professional as soon as possible.