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Testicular Self-Exam

Testicular Self-Exam Facts

Patient Comments
  • A testicular self-examination (TSE) is useful in the detection of cancer of the testicles.
  • Testicular cancer is the most common solid tumor found in males age 20-34 years.
  • If detected early and treated, testicular cancer is almost 100% curable.
  • If untreated, it may spread to the lymph nodes and lungs, and become more dangerous.
  • Tumors usually are found on one side, but a small percentage are found in both testicles.

Testicular Cancer Risk Factors

The cause of testicular cancer is unknown, but there are several known risk factors:

  • Family history of testicular tumors
  • History of an undescended testicle or a late-descending testicle
  • History of mumps and later shrinking of the testicles
  • Injury to the scrotum
  • Ethnicity: More common in white than black men

Testicular Cancer Signs and Symptoms

  • Small, painless lump in a testicle
  • Feeling of heaviness in the testicle
  • Enlarging male breasts or breast tenderness
  • Enlargement of the testicle
  • A new collection of fluid or blood in the scrotum around the testicle
  • Pain in the testicle
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/18/2016
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The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Testicular Self-Exam:

Testicular Self-Exam - How to

Do you do a testicular self-exam every month?

Testicular Cancer Definition

Testicular cancer: Cancer of the male sex organ, the testicle, that normally produces the hormone testosterone. One of the most common cancers in young men. Most testicular cancers are found by men in themselves as a lump in the testicle.

The risk of cancer of the testicles is increased in males whose testicles did not move down normally into the scrotum (holding sac for the testicles) during development unless the problem is corrected in early childhood. This condition is referred to as undescended testicles.

After cancer in the testicle is detected, surgical removal of the affected testicle (orchiectomy) is done and the cancer is confirmed by examination of the tissue under a microscope.

Testicular cancer is almost always curable if it is found early.

SOURCE: Testicular Cancer.

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