©2018 WebMD, Inc. All rights reserved. eMedicineHealth does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. See Additional Information.

Symptoms and Signs of Testicular Self-Exam

Doctor's Notes on Testicular Self-Exam

A testicular self-examination (TSE) is used to help detect testicular cancer, the most common solid tumor found in males age 20-34 years. The best time to examine testicles is during or after a shower or bath because the warm water allows the scrotum to relax and the testicles to drop down. It is recommended that young men examine themselves once a month. A doctor can instruct you on the correct way to do a testicular self-examination. If you find a lump, contact a doctor for an evaluation.

Symptoms of testicular cancer include a small, painless lump in a testicle, a feeling of heaviness in the testicle, enlarging male breasts or breast tenderness, testicle enlargement, a new collection of fluid or blood in the scrotum around the testicle, or testicular pain.

Medical Author: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
Medically Reviewed on 3/21/2019

Testicular Self-Exam Symptoms

  • Small, painless lump in a testicle
  • Feeling of heaviness in the testicle
  • Enlarging male breasts or breast tenderness
  • Enlargement of the testicle
  • A new collection of fluid or blood in the scrotum around the testicle
  • Pain in the testicle

Signs of Cancer in Men Could it Be Cancer? Slideshow

Signs of Cancer in Men Could it Be Cancer? Slideshow

Men are notorious for ignoring health problems. If a man’s health changes in a way different from how it has in the past then he should get it checked out by his doctor. In some cases, if the underlying cause of a problem is cancer, ignoring symptoms could put men at risk. Some cancer symptoms in men are specific only to men (such as a mass in the scrotum or testicle), and others symptoms such as pain or fatigue are general and could have many causes.

It is important to see a doctor if your experience any of the symptoms outlined on the following slides to rule our cancer, or to detect one early while it is more easily treated.


Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.