- hiatal hernia,
- umbilical hernia, or
- incisional hernia.
Swollen testicles can be caused by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), epididymitis (infections), or by twisting (torsion) of a testicle or appendage. Less common causes of swollen testicles are inguinal hernias, inflammation of the testicle (orchitis), a tumor in the testicle, kidney stones, hydrocele, and scrotum swelling.
Pain, redness, and tenderness can affect one or both testicles and or scrotum. Testicular torsion causes severe testicular pain, swelling, and redness needs immediate surgery to save the affected testicle.
Some causes of swollen testicles causes no pain. Other symptoms of swollen testicles include nausea and vomiting, blood in the urine or semen, fever, pain with intercourse or ejaculation, and a painful, fever, pain with intercourse or ejaculation, painful penile discharge or urination, and blood in the semen or urine. Treatment for testicular swelling depends on the cause.