Thermal Burns (Heat or Fire): Thermal burns are burns caused by heat, rather than chemicals or other causes. They can range from mild, like a sunburn, to severe. The burn severity is determined by the size of the area of the body with burns and how many layers of skin are involved.
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Burn Percentage in Adults: Rule of NinesIn adults, the "rule of nines" is used to determine the body surface area that has been burned. Burn percentage is calculated using multiples of 9. The "rule of nines" helps determine treatment decisions.
Wilderness: BurnsHeat, chemical, or electrical injury to the skin, eyes, nerves, blood vessels, and internal organs can cause burns. First-degree burn symptoms include red skin and local pain (sunburn). Second-degree burns can cause blisters and swelling. Third-degree burns are a medical emergency, and cause white or black charred skin.
TetanusTetanus is an infectious disease caused by contamination of wounds from the bacteria Clostridium tetani, or the spores they produce that live in the soil, and animal feces. Symptoms and signs include: muscle cramps, lockjaw, weakness, and difficulty swallowing. Tetanus treatment incorporates antibiotics, wound cleansing, pain medicine, sedatives to control muscle spasms, and IV fluids.
Skin FAQs The skin you're in is absolutely amazing. Get answers to your frequently asked questions (FAQs) on skin health and learn about your protective outer layer.