Symptoms and Signs of Thyroid Nodules
(Thyroid Nodule)

Medical Author: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
Medically Reviewed on 3/11/2019

Doctor's Notes on Thyroid Nodules
(Thyroid Nodule)

The thyroid gland in the neck produces thyroid hormone, which is needed for normal growth and metabolism. Lumps called nodules may appear on the thyroid and may be either solid or fluid-filled. Thyroid nodules are more common as people age, and most are benign and not cancerous. A physician may detect a nodule during a physical exam, or they may be found during imaging such as on computed tomography (CT scan), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or ultrasound of the front of the neck.

Most of the time, thyroid nodules do not cause symptoms. When they do occur, symptoms of thyroid nodules may include a visible lump on the front of the neck, a rapidly growing lump on the front of the neck, a lump felt in the throat, difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, other enlarged glands or lymph nodes in the neck, and in rare cases, pain.

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Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.