Facts on Trigeminal Neuralgia (Tic Douloureux)
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Tic douloureux or trigeminal neuralgia is a severe, stabbing pain to one side of the face. It stems from one or more branches of the nerve that supplies sensation to the face, the trigeminal nerve. It is considered one of the most painful conditions to affect people.
The pain usually lasts from a few seconds to a few minutes. It may be so intense that you wince involuntarily, hence the term tic. There is usually no pain or numbness between attacks and no dysfunction of the muscles of the face.
Most people feel the pain in their jaw, cheek, or lip on one side of the face only. Pain is usually triggered by a light touch of the face or mouth on the same side as the pain. The pain is so severe that people can become afraid to talk, eat, or move during periods of attacks.
Trigeminal Neuralgia Causes
The cause of tic douloureux is unknown. There are a number of theories as to why the trigeminal nerve is affected.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/20/2017
Julie Dixon, MD
Lisa Chan, MD, FACEP
Ruben Olmedo, MD
Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD
James Ungar, MD
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Tic Douloureux (Trigeminal Neuralgia) - Patient Experience
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