Symptoms and Signs of Trachea and Bronchial Tumors in Children

Medical Author:
Medically Reviewed on 9/21/2021

Doctor's Notes on Trachea and Bronchial Tumors in Children

Tracheobronchial tumors occur when the cells that line the surface of the lung begin to grow abnormally. Most tracheobronchial tumors in children are benign (not cancer) and occur in the trachea or large bronchi (large airways of the lung). In some cases a slow growing tracheobronchial tumor becomes malignant (cancerous) and may spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. 

Symptoms of tracheobronchial tumors in children may include:

  • coughing (with or without blood),
  • wheezing,
  • noisy breathing,
  • difficulty breathing or shortness of breath,
  • spitting up blood from the airways or lung,
  • difficulty swallowing,
  • hoarseness, and
  • frequent infections in the lung, such as pneumonia.

Symptoms of tracheobronchial tumors in children may be similar to those of asthma or other lung disease, which may make diagnosis difficult.

What Is the Treatment for Trachea and Bronchial Tumors in Children?

The treatment for tracheal and bronchial tumors in children depends on the exact type of tumor that is present. Treatment options may include:

  • Surgery to remove the tumor
  • Chemotherapy and radiation therapy, for a type of tumor known as rhabdomyosarcoma
  • Targeted therapies for certain types of tumors such as those known as inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors
  • Clinical trials to look at new drugs or new combinations of drugs

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REFERENCE:

Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.