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Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes Quick Overview

Patient Comments
  • Type 2 diabetes is a chronic medical condition that results from an inability of the body to properly use insulin.
  • Type 2 diabetes is different from type 1 diabetes, in which the body is unable to produce sufficient levels of insulin.
  • Symptoms of type 2 diabetes include
  • Risk factors for getting type 2 diabetes include
    • genetics (family history),
    • obesity,
    • fatty waistline (apple shape),
    • inactivity, and
    • older age.
  • A fasting blood sugar level of 126 mg/dl or greater on two different days establishes the diagnosis of diabetes.
  • A number of both oral and injectable medications have been developed fo
  • A hemoglobin A1c (HBA1c) level of 6.5% or greater indicates diabetes.
  • Managing type 2 diabetes includes following a healthy eating plan and exercise, as well as medications in many cases.
  • r the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
  • A healthy eating plan and regular physical activity are important components of a type 2 diabetes treatment plan.
  • There is no one recommended "diabetes diet" for all people with type 2 diabetes.
  • Regular physical activity and modest weight loss can help reduce or prevent type 2 diabetes.
  • Common complications of diabetes include cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, eye problems, and nerve damage.
  • Good control of blood sugar levels can prevent complications of type 2 diabetes.
Last Reviewed 11/17/2017

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Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Type 2 Diabetes:

Type 2 Diabetes - Experience

Please share your experience with type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes - Symptoms

What symptoms did you have before you were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 Diabetes - Causes and Risk Factors

What do you think caused or contributed to you getting type 2 diabetes? Do you have any of the risk factors for type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 Diabetes - Medications

What medications have been helpful in treating and managing your diabetes?

Type 2 Diabetes - Diet

What diet plans or meal plans have helped you manage type 2 diabetes?

Can eating too much sugar cause diabetes?

It's a myth that simply eating too much sugar causes diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is genetic, and it is unknown what triggers the disease, while type 2 diabetes is a combination of genetics and lifestyle.

Where sugar enters the equation is that being overweight is a risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes, and a diet high in calories and sugar can contribute to weight gain.

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