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Acute Angle-Closure GlaucomaAcute angle-closure glaucoma is caused by a rapid or sudden increase in pressure inside the eye, called intraocular pressure (IOP). Symptoms of acute angle-closure glaucoma severe eye pain, nausea and vomiting, headache, blurred vision and/or seeing haloes around lights, profuse tearing. The condition requires treatment by an ophthalmologist which may include medication, surgery, or a combination approach.
Adult Glaucoma SuspectGlaucoma is usually high pressure inside the eye that damages the optic nerve and can result in permanent vision loss. Various exams and tests are used to diagnose the disease.
Allergic ReactionAn allergic reaction is an overreaction to a harmless substance. Symptoms and signs of an allergic reaction include hives, rashes, swelling, itching, wheezing, nausea, and even anaphylactic shock in severe reactions. Treatment involves avoiding triggers, taking oral antihistamines, applying anti-inflammatory steroid creams, and using an EpiPen.
Angle Recession GlaucomaAngle recession glaucoma refers to a group of ocular disorders that occur after the eye undergoes trauma. Following this trauma, different mechanisms can cause an abnormal elevation of pressure inside the eye. An ophthalmologist diagnoses angle recession glaucoma using special instruments. Treatment may include eye drops, medication, laser surgery, or conventional incisional surgery. Taking steps to prevent traumatic eye injury is the best way to prevent angle recession glaucoma.
AntibioticsAntibiotics are prescribed to individuals to cure disease by killing bacteria. There are over 100 antibiotics. The main classes of antibiotics include penicillins, cephalosporins, macrolides, flouroquinolones, sulfonamides, tetracyclines, and aminoglycosides. Antibiotic resistance is a growing problem due to the overprescription of antibiotics to individuals. Allergic reactions to antibiotics commonly have the following symptoms shortness of breath, rash, hives, itching, swelling of the lips, face, or tongue, and fainting.
Eye PainEye pain has many causes, signs, symptoms, and treatments. It's also described as pain behind the eye, eye socket pain, or shooting pain in the eye. Headaches and sinusitis can be causes of eye pain.
Fever in AdultsA fever is a body temperature of 100.4 F or greater. A fever may be caused by a virus, bacteria, fungus, blood clot, tumor, drug, or the environment. Treatment of fever in adults usually involves ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or aspirin.
Glaucoma OverviewGlaucoma can be caused by a number of eye diseases that can damage the optic nerve, typically by elevating pressure inside the eye, which is called intraocular pressure (IOP) or ocular hypertension. Symptoms begin slowly and include vision loss and irregularities, eye pain, headache, nausea, and vomiting. Beta-blockers, Alpha-adrenergic agonists, and prostaglandin analogs are drugs used to treat glaucoma. Sometimes surgery is necessary, especially with congenital glaucoma. The disease is not curable but can be managed.
How to Instill Your EyedropsIf you have glaucoma, you most likely use one or more kinds of eye drops. Several tips can help make sure you avoid infection and get the medicine where it needs to go, such as waiting for several minutes between drops, wash your hands before administering the drops, and being careful not to touch your eye with the dropper, among other tips.
Lens-Particle GlaucomaLens-particle glaucoma is a form of glaucoma that occurs due to leakage of material from the inside of the lens of the eye. It may be caused be trauma, surgery, or inflammation. Signs and symptoms of lens-particle glaucoma may include blurred vision, sensitivity to light, eye pain, headache, redness, and tearing. The condition is diagnosed by ophthalmologic evaluation. Treatment may include eyedrops to control eye pressure and inflammation.
Normal-Tension GlaucomaNormal-tension glaucoma or low-tension glaucoma is a condition in which the optic nerve is damaged despite normal fluid pressure inside the eye (other types of glaucoma result vision loss because of abnormally high pressure inside the eye. Normal-tension glaucoma typically occurs in older adults and can be caused by congenital nerve defects and irregularities in blood flow to the eye. Eyedrops and surgery are treatments for this disorder.
Ocular HypertensionThe term ocular hypertension usually refers to any situation in which the pressure inside the eye, called intraocular pressure, is higher than normal. Typically, those with ocular hypertension have any symptoms or signs. Treatment typically involves medicated eyedrops to help lower intraocular pressure.
Primary Congenital GlaucomaPrimary congenital glaucoma is present at birth and may be inherited. Blepharospasm, photophobia, and epiphora are symptoms. A cloudy whitish-gray cornea is a common sign. Treatment of primary congenital glaucoma typically involves surgery.
Primary Open-Angle GlaucomaGlaucoma describes chronic high pressure within the eyeball. The pressure eventually causes nerve damage, though glaucoma can still occur without elevated pressure. Primary open-angle glaucoma is a subtype of the disease characterized by atrophy of the optic disc in the back oif the eye and other problems.
Vomiting and NauseaVomiting and nausea are common complaints that accompany many conditions and diseases. A few common causes of vomiting and nausea include food poisoning, viruses, vertigo, head injuries, gallbladder disease, appendicitis, migraine, brain tumors, and infections. Treatment of vomiting and nausea depend on the cause of the symptoms.
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Glaucoma Medications Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins
Brimonidine reduces the amount of fluid in the eye, which decreases pressure inside the eye...learn more »
Bimatoprost lowers pressure in the eye by increasing the amount of fluid that drains from the eye...learn more »
Travoprost lowers pressure inside the eye by increasing the amount of fluid that drains from the eye...learn more »
Dorzolamide ophthalmic reduces the amount of fluid in the eye, which decreases pressure inside the eye...learn more »
Brinzolamide ophthalmic (for the eyes) is used to treat certain types of glaucoma and other causes of high pressure inside the eye...learn more »
Brimonidine ophthalmic (for the eyes) is used to reduce pressure inside the eyes in people with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. The Alphagan ...learn more »
Carteolol is a beta-blocker that reduces pressure inside the eye...learn more »
Betaxolol is a beta-blocker that reduces pressure inside the eye...learn more »
Timolol is a beta-blocker that also reduces pressure inside the eye...learn more »
Latanoprost ophthalmic (for the eyes) is used to treat certain types of glaucoma and other causes of high pressure inside the eye...learn more »
Dorzolamide reduces the amount of fluid in the eye, which decreases pressure inside the eye...learn more »
Echothiophate iodide ophthalmic (for the eyes) reduces pressure in the eye. This medicine is used to treat chronic open-angle glaucoma, and other types of g...learn more »
Carbachol lowers pressure in the eye by increasing the amount of fluid that drains from the eye...learn more »
Levobunolol ophthalmic (for the eyes) is a beta-blocker that is used to treat open-angle glaucoma and other causes of high pressure inside the eye...learn more »
Apraclonidine reduces the amount of fluid in the eye, which decreases pressure inside the eye...learn more »
Methazolamide reduces the activity of a protein in your body called carbonic anhydrase. Blocking this protein can help reduce the amount of fluid in the eye...learn more »
Acetazolamide reduces the activity of a protein in your body called carbonic anhydrase. Blocking this protein can help reduce the build-up of certain fluids...learn more »