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Vaginal Yeast Infection Treatment

What is a Vaginal Yeast Infection?

Yeast infections are caused by the proliferation of normally growing fungi which occur in small concentrations in the vagina. This overgrowth inflames the vagina and creates discharge, odor, irritation, and/or itching. Normally growing bacteria in the body typically keep yeast fungi in check. If the natural balance of microorganisms is altered, the yeast may multiply and become the dominant organism in the vagina. This phenomenon is so common that most women experience a yeast infection at least once during their lives. Disturbance of the normal vaginal environment natural may occur with any of the following:

Vaginal Yeast Infection Causes

Vaginal yeast infections are caused by a fungus. The most common fungus which women acquire is called Candida albicans. This condition is also called candidiasis, genital candidiasis, or vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC). In stubborn cases, there may be a resistant yeast organism or a mixed infection with Candida as one of the organisms. Yeast infection can spread to other parts of the body, including skin, mucous membranes, heart valves, the esophagus, and other areas. Rarely, yeast infection can cause life-threatening systemic infections, typically in people with weakened immune defenses. For more, please read the Vaginal Yeast Infection article.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/14/2015
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