Symptoms and Signs of Urologic Dysfunction After Menopause

Medical Author: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
Medically Reviewed on 3/11/2019

Doctor's Notes on Urologic Dysfunction After Menopause

After menopause, a woman’s estrogen levels decrease, which is thought to contribute to urologic symptoms. Urologic conditions that can occur around the time a woman goes through menopause include bladder control problems, bladder prolapse (descent of the bladder into the vagina due to weakening of the pelvic tissues), and urinary tract infections (UTIs).

Symptoms of urinary tract infections (UTIs) include painful urination, urinary frequency or urgency, hesitant urination, lower abdominal pain, fever, cloudy and foul-smelling urine, blood in the urine, chills, nausea, vomiting, and flank pain. Symptoms of bladder control problems include stress incontinence (urine leakage occurs when a woman coughs, laughs, exercises) and urge incontinence (a strong, sudden urge to urinate which may lead to a woman wetting herself). Symptoms of bladder prolapse include pelvic pain, low back pain, difficulty urinating, stress incontinence, painful intercourse, and painful, bleeding tissue protruding from the vagina.

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REFERENCE:

Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.