Doctor's Notes on Vaginal Cancer
Vaginal cancer occurs when the cells of the surface of vagina start to grow abnormally. There are two main types of vaginal cancer. Squamous cell carcinoma forms in the thin, flat cells lining the vagina. Squamous cell vaginal cancer spreads slowly and usually stays near the vagina, but may spread to the lungs, liver, or bone. This is the most common type of vaginal cancer. Adenocarcinoma begins in glandular cell in the lining of the vagina make and release fluids such as mucus. Adenocarcinoma is more likely than squamous cell cancer to spread to the lungs and lymph nodes.
Vaginal cancer often does not cause early signs or symptoms. When they do occur, symptoms of vaginal cancer include bleeding or discharge not related to menstrual periods, pain during sexual intercourse, pelvic pain, a lump in the vagina, pain when urinating, and constipation.
Must Read Articles:
Gardasil HPV Vaccine FAQGardasil-9 is the latest version of the vaccine against nine different strains of human papillomavirus (HPV). These strains of HPV causes genital warts and cervical cancers, among other conditions.
Genital Warts (HPV Infection)Genital warts (HPV) are growths in the genital area of both men and women. Genital warts are contagious and are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Symptoms of genital warts may be none, to painless bumps, itching, and/or a discharge. There is no single effective cure for genital warts. Treatments and medication may decrease the size of the warts or temporarily remove them.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.