Doctor's Notes on Vaginal Yeast Infection
A vaginal yeast infection is most commonly caused by Candida yeast. The condition can be referred to as vaginal candidiasis or yeast vaginitis. Inflammation or irritation of the tissues of the vagina cause the characteristic symptoms of a yeast infection. Although yeast is normally present in the healthy vagina, disturbances in the normal mix of bacteria in the vagina due to illness, hormonal changes, or taking antibiotics can create an environment in which a yeast infection can develop.
Symptoms and signs of a vaginal yeast infection include itching, which can be severe, along with burning and irritation. A white-gray, thick vaginal discharge is often present that has been described as having the consistency of cottage cheese. Other associated symptoms can include pain or burning with sexual intercourse and redness and swelling of the vulva.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.