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Symptoms and Signs of Varicose Veins Pain Relief, Symptoms, Causes, Pain Relief, Treatments, Surgery, and Prevention

Doctor's Notes on Varicose Veins Pain Relief, Symptoms, Causes, Pain Relief, Treatments, Surgery, and Prevention

Varicose veins are thickened, twisting and/or dilated parts of a vein, most occur in the legs. Although some individuals may have no symptoms, usual signs and symptoms of varicose veins include veins that can visibly protrude or bulge underneath the skin and may feel firm, hard or rope-like when pressed on. Some may have redness, tenderness and skin swelling associated with the veins. Legs with varicose veins may ache, feel heavy, itch and may have pain on standing and/or leg cramps.

Although many theories exist, the majority of experts say that varicose veins are caused by defective or damaged valves within the veins that ideally prevent the backflow of venous blood. Malfunctioning valves let blood pool in veins, sometimes under pressure, resulting in varicose veins. Other related causes include genetics, obesity, prolonged standing, pregnancy, straining (coughing, constipation, for example), prior leg surgery and older age.

Medical Author:
Medically Reviewed on 3/11/2019

REFERENCE:

Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.

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