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Vomiting and Nausea (cont.)

How to Prevent Vomiting and Nausea

To prevent nausea

  • Avoid substances or activities known to produce nausea, such as drinking alcohol.
  • Nausea after eating can be prevented by eating in moderation and not over-eating.
  • For motion sickness due to riding in a boat or automobile, it is often helpful to focus on a stationary object on the horizon. Move to the top or middle of the boat and focus on the horizon or an aisle seat in an airplane where there is less side-to-side movement. Sit in a car (front seat) or train facing forward to keep your eyes and ears sensing the same thing. Look into the distance.
  • Over-the-counter medications such as Dramamine may help prevent motion sickness. Follow label instructions.

To prevent vomiting

  • Vomiting is a normal reflex in many situations but can become excessive as the result of severe nausea. Sip small amounts of clear fluid and rest in a calm environment.

To prevent dehydration

  • Drink as much clear liquids as possible. This may require taking very small amounts at a time.
  • For children, the caregiver may need to give small amounts of fluid, ice chips, or popsicles to the child.

Vomiting and Nausea Prognosis

Most nausea and vomiting go away without treatment, but depending on the cause, may become severe. Even if the situation leads to dehydration, medicine and fluids can usually correct the problem. If dehydration is not treated soon enough, the person might need to be admitted to the hospital for treatment.

Medically reviewed by a Board-Certified Family Practice Physician


MedscapeReference. Common Causes of Nausea and Vomiting Treatment Reviewed. Nausea and Vomiting

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/2/2016
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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome »

Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a chronic functional disorder of unknown etiology that is characterized by paroxysmal, recurrent episodes of vomiting and was first described in children by Samuel Gee in 1882.

Read More on Medscape Reference »

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