Symptoms and Signs of Vomiting and Nausea

Medical Author:
Medically Reviewed on 7/22/2022

Doctor's Notes on Vomiting and Nausea

Vomiting and nausea are responses to many different illnesses and conditions, and there is no single specific cause of these symptoms. Nausea and vomiting can occur in association with certain infections, foodborne illnesses, food allergiespoisoning, intense pain, pregnancy, gallbladder disease, motion sicknessmigraine, and taking certain medications, among other conditions. 

The signs and symptoms associated with nausea and vomiting vary widely and depend on the exact condition that is causing nausea and vomiting. Associated symptoms can include: 

Other possible symptoms that can occur together with vomiting and nausea include:

  • severe pain of any type, 
  • mental status changes, 
  • cough
  • sore throat, or 
  • nasal congestion.

What Is the Treatment for Vomiting and Nausea?

Treatment for vomiting and nausea depends on the cause of the symptoms. Treatment may include:

  • Maintenance of hydration is essential. 
    • Adults should drink plenty of clear fluids slowly over time.
    • Children may be given an oral rehydration solution. 
  • After symptoms begin to improve, foods should be introduced slowly, starting with bland foods. 
  • If necessary, over-the-counter and prescription medications are available that can help control nausea and vomiting.  
  • Certain bacterial infections may require antibiotic treatment.

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Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.