West Nile Virus: West Nile virus is a Flaviviridiae virus transmitted to humans by mosquito bites. West Nile virus infection typically begins with the abrupt onset of symptoms including fever, chills, muscle aches, headache, and flu-like symptoms. There is no known effective antiviral treatment or vaccine to prevent West Nile virus.
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EncephalitisEncephalitis is an acute infection and inflammation of the brain itself. This is in contrast to meningitis, which is an inflammation of the layers covering the brain. Encephalitis symptoms and signs include headache, fever, fatigue, seizures, and photophobia. Treatment depends upon the cause of the encephalitis.
Insect BitesInsect stings and bites are common. Common symptoms include: pain, swelling, redness, and itching. Treatment of insect stings and bites depends on the type of insect. Some may require home remedies such as anti-inflammatory agents, antibiotics, and in some cases, surgery.
Meningitis in AdultsMeningitis is an infection of the layers around the spinal cord called meninges. This potentially life-threatening condition can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungus, or reactions to medications or environmental toxins.
Meningitis in ChildrenMeningitis is an inflammation of the membranes that surround the spinal cord or brain. Bacterial meningitis is caused by bacterial and viral meningitis is caused by a virus. Meningitis symptoms in children include vomiting, rash, stiff neck, fever, seizure, nausea, increased sensitivity to light, and altered mental status. Treatment may incorporate a breathing tube, a heart and breathing monitor, IV fluids, catheterization, and administering acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
West Nile Virus Infection SymptomsSymptoms and signs of West Nile virus infection range from no symptoms at all, to an abrupt onset of fever, chills, muscle aches, headache, and an overall feeling of illness.
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