What Are Seven Common Types of Mental Disorders?: Depression and anxiety top the list of common mental disorders in the U.S. Obsessive-compulsive, post-traumatic stress and bipolar disorders also make the list.
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AnxietyAnxiety as a medical condition is characterized by worry, fear, nervousness, shortness of breath, sleep problems and other symptoms. Diarrhea, tremors, and rapid heart rate are some physical symptoms of severe anxiety, which may arise from a mental or physical condition, drug use, or some combination of these causes. Treatment can include medication and psychotherapy.
Bipolar Disorder HealthBipolar disorder is a mood disorder characterized by symptoms of both mania and depression. The cause of bipolar disorder is not known. Treatment of bipolar disorder focuses on medications to stabilize mood swings and counseling.
Borderline Personality DisorderBorderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by; impulsivity, unstable moods, unstable relationships, and poor self-image. Symptoms of borderline personality disorder include; desperate attempts to prevent real or imagined abandonment, repeated suicidal thoughts or behaviors, self-mutilation (for example, cutting or burning themselves), unstable and intense relationships with others that alternate between seeing the other person as flawless and as worthless, persistent feelings of emptiness, trouble controlling anger, and short-lived episodes of paranoia or dissociation that are caused by stress. Treatment usually involves some form of psychotherapy, and medications can be helpful in reducing some of the specific mood symptoms of borderline personality disorder.
Depression HealthDepression is a mental illness that affects 19 million Americans annually. Causes are genetic, environmental, and biological. Symptoms and signs include weight loss, fatigue, crying spells, feeling sad, isolation from family and friends, and thoughts of death or suicide. Treatment may include psychotherapy and medication.
Obsessive Compulsive DisorderObsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by repeated and persistent repetitive thoughts, worries, and behaviors. OCD may be associated with other mental health conditions such as phobias and autism. The causes are thought to a combination of genetics and stress. Symptoms are repetitive thoughts or actions the sufferer feels compelled to perform. Treatment is often a combination of therapy and medication.
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)Post-traumatic stress disorder, also known as PTSD, is among only a few mental disorders that are triggered by a disturbing outside event, quite unlike other psychiatric disorders such as depression. PTSD symptoms include re-experiencing the event, avoiding anything that reminds you of the event, negative changes in thinking and mood, and changes in arousal or reactivity. PTSD treatment can include medication and therapy.
Schizophrenia HealthSchizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling mental illness. It affects men and women with equal frequency. People suffering from schizophrenia may have the following symptoms: delusions, hallucinations, social withdrawal, loss of hygiene, and the sense of being controlled by outside forces. Treatment typically involves antipsychotic medications, psychotherapy, rehabilitation, and family education.
What Are The 4 Types of Bipolar?Bipolar disorder (formerly called manic depression) is a mental health disorder that causes extreme changes in mood, energy, and concentration. A person with bipolar disorder may sometimes feel excessively elated, impulsive, irritable, or irrational (mania), hypomanic (a milder form of mania), or excessively sad (major depression). There are four types of bipolar disorder.
What Are the Three Types of Personality DisordersPersonality disorders are mental and behavioral problems that are so severe they impair the person’s functioning in work and relationships. There are three main groups, each with different specific disorders as subtypes.
What Causes Narcissistic Personality DisorderA constant need for attention and admiration, a lack of empathy for others, and grandiosity characterize narcissistic personality disorder (NPD). The cause of NPD is unknown. Treatment of NPD may incorporate medication and psychotherapy.
Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder characterized by symptoms of both mania and depression. The cause of bipolar disorder is not known. Treatment of bipolar disorder focuses on medications to stabilize mood swings and counseling.
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