What Are the Symptoms of Thyroid Problems in Females?

Reviewed on 5/9/2022
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Symptoms of thyroid problems in females may include abnormally early or late puberty and menstruation onset, very light or very heavy menstrual periods, irregular menstrual periods, missed menstrual periods (amenorrhea), lack of ovulation, and early onset of menopause (before age 40).

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped endocrine gland that wraps around the windpipe (trachea) below the Adam's apple in the lower part of the neck.

Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) happens when the body produces insufficient amounts of thyroid hormone. The opposite of hypothyroidism is hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid), a condition in which excess thyroid hormone is produced which increases the body’s metabolism. 

Symptoms of thyroid problems in females may include: 

Symptoms that are similar to early menopause (hyperthyroidism)

Other symptoms of hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) may include:

Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) may not cause any symptoms. When symptoms of hyperthyroidism occur, they may include:

How Are Thyroid Problems in Females Diagnosed?

When a person is presenting some of the above symptoms and a thyroid problem is suspected, their doctor may prescribe various tests for a proper diagnosis. In addition to a patient history and physical examination, thyroid problems in females are diagnosed with blood tests. 

Blood tests used to diagnose hypothyroidism include:

  • Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
  • Thyroxine (T4)
  • Triiodothyronine (T3)
  • Thyroid antibody tests

Other tests may include: 

  • Thyroid scan 
  • Other blood tests to help determine a cause of hyperthyroidism (such as Graves' disease, toxic nodular goiter, or thyroiditis)
Reviewed on 5/9/2022
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