How Do You Know if You Have Kidney Disease?

Reviewed on 2/19/2021

What Are the Kidneys?

Kidney infections, kidney stones or other problems often appear with symptoms like low back pain, cloudy or bloody urine, fever, chills, nausea or vomiting.
Kidney infections, kidney stones or other problems often appear with symptoms like low back pain, cloudy or bloody urine, fever, chills, nausea or vomiting.

The kidneys are bean-shaped organs about the size of a fist located in the back of the abdomen, just under the ribcage, on each side of the spine. The kidneys function to remove excess fluids and waste from the body. 

Common types of kidney problems include:

What Are Symptoms of Kidney Problems?

Signs and symptoms something is wrong with the kidneys include: 

What Causes Kidney Problems?

Causes of kidney problems include: 

How Are Kidney Problems Diagnosed?

In addition to a physical examination and patient history, tests used to diagnose the cause of the kidney problems include:

What Is the Treatment for Kidney Problems?

Treatment for kidney problems depends on the cause. 

Medications may help relieve pain, such as:

Patients with known kidney problems should be cautious with pain medications that are filtered through the kidneys, because this may cause further renal damage.

Kidney infections (pyelonephritis) or urinary tract infections (UTIs) are usually treated with antibiotics.

In some cases, kidney stones may require surgical removal.

SLIDESHOW

Kidney Stones: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment See Slideshow

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Reviewed on 2/19/2021
References
https://www.kidneyfund.org/kidney-disease/kidney-problems/kidney-pain.html

https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/urologic-diseases/kidney-infection-pyelonephritis

https://www.urologyhealth.org/urologic-conditions/kidney-stones

https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/kidneydiscauses

https://www.uptodate.com/contents/anemia-caused-by-low-iron-in-adults-beyond-the-basics