What Are the Kidneys?
The kidneys are bean-shaped organs about the size of a fist located in the back of the abdomen, just under the ribcage, on each side of the spine. The kidneys function to remove excess fluids and waste from the body.
Common types of kidney problems include:
- Urinary tract infection (UTI)
- Kidney infection (pyelonephritis)
- Polycystic kidney disease (PKD)
- Blood clots in the kidney(s) (renal vein thrombosis)
- Bleeding in the kidney(s)
- Kidney tumor or cancer
- Kidney stones
- Kidney cysts
- Kidney swelling
- Trauma to the kidneys
- Kidney failure called End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)
What Are Symptoms of Kidney Problems?
Signs and symptoms something is wrong with the kidneys include:
How Are Kidney Problems Diagnosed?
In addition to a physical examination and patient history, tests used to diagnose the cause of the kidney problems include:
What Is the Treatment for Kidney Problems?
Treatment for kidney problems depends on the cause.
Medications may help relieve pain, such as:
Patients with known kidney problems should be cautious with pain medications that are filtered through the kidneys, because this may cause further renal damage.
In some cases, kidney stones may require surgical removal.
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