What Are the Symptoms of An Inflamed Thyroid?: Thyroiditis refers to a group of disorders that cause inflammation of the thyroid, but which present in different ways. The thyroid produces thyroid hormones which help the body use energy, maintain body temperature, and keep the heart, brain, muscles, and other organs functioning properly.
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Questions to Ask Your Doctor About Thyroid DiseaseThyroid disease is a serious disorder, so you need to make the most of your time with the doctor. Here are 10 questions to ask your doctor.
Hashimoto's DiseaseHashimoto's thyroiditis (also referred to as chronic autoimmune thyroiditis, or chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis) is a disease affecting the thyroid gland and thyroid hormone regulation. Symptoms of Hashimoto's disease include fatigue, feeling excessively cold, mental fogginess, constipation, dry skin, fluid retention, depression, heavy vaginal bleeding (menorrhagia), and stiff joints and muscles. Treatment for Hashimoto's disease is generally with medication.
HyperthyroidismHyperthyroidism refers to a condition in which the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone. Causes of hyperthyroidism include: Graves' disease, thyroid adenoma, thyroid goiter, subacute thyroiditis, and drug-induce hyperthyroidism. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include irritability, heart palpitations, heat intolerance, weight loss or gain, frequent bowel movements, lower leg edema, infertility, fatigue, and more. Treatment for hyperthyroidism depends on the cause and can include medications or surgery.
Thyroid MedicationsThyroid medications treat diseases of the thyroid, including hyperthyroidism (such as Graves' disease), hypothyroidism, thyroid disorders in pregnancy, post-partum thyroid disease, thyroid cancer, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and thyroid nodules. Thyroid medications replace thyroid hormone levels [L-thyroxine (or LT4), L-triiodothyronine (T3)] or suppress growth of thyroid tissue [propylthiouracil (PTU), methimazole], or control symptoms such as beta-blockers and iodide solutions.
Thyroid ProblemsDiseases of the thyroid gland can lead to hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyroid nodules, thyroid goiters, or thyroid cancer. Symptoms of both hypo- and hyperthyroidism-related conditions include constipation, fatigue, weight gain, cold or heat intolerance, to coma. Treatment depends upon the thyroid condition.
HypothyroidismHypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. Causes of hypothyroidism include: Hashimotot's thyroiditis, subacute thyroiditis, previous thyroid therapy, drug-induced, Pituitary or hypothalamic disease, and iron deficiency. Some common symptoms of hypothyroidism are: fatigue, constipation, weight gain, poor appetite, dry and rough skin, coarse hair, hair loss, edema, depression, and elevated cholesterol levels. Treatment of hypothyroidism is generally with medication.
Thyroid Disease Signs and SymptomsThere are several diseases of the thyroid gland. Signs and symptoms of thyroid disease depend upon the actual thyroid disease. Examples of hypothyroidism include depression, menstrual changes, thinning of the hair, constipation, and bloating. Examples of symptoms of hyperthyroidism include tremor, increased sweating, weight loss, and heat intolerance. In thyroid cancer, the most common symptom is a lump or nodule in the thyroid gland.
Thyroid FAQsThe thyroid gland is part of the endocrine (hormone) system. The thyroid gland produces two hormones, thyroxine (T4) and tri-iodothyronine (T3). Diseases of the thyroid gland include: hyperthyroidism, subacute thyroiditis, thyroid cancer, and thyroid nodules. Thyroid medications are used to treat thyroid disorders.
Thyroid StormThyroid storm is caused by too much thyroid hormone in the body. Thyroid storm is a medical emergency. Precipitating factors for thyroid storm include infections, thyroid surgery, stopping thyroid medications, pregnancy, heart attack, and cardiac emergencies. Symptoms of thyroid storm include palpitations, increased body temperature, chest pain, anxiety, weakness, disorientation, and heart failure. Thyroid storm is a medical emergency, and anyone experiencing symptoms of thyroid storm should proceed to an emergency department promptly.
What Are the Side Effects of Removing Your ThyroidPatients develop hypothyroidism (low thyroid hormone levels) following thyroid surgery, particularly when the entire thyroid gland is removed. This requires lifelong treatment with thyroid hormone replacement therapy. Other side effects include tremors, spasms and low calcium levels.
Hyperthyroidism Hyperthyroidism refers to a condition in which the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone. Causes of hyperthyroidism include: Graves' disease, thyroid adenoma, thyroid goiter, subacute thyroiditis, and drug-induce hyperthyroidism. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include irritability, heart palpitations, heat intolerance, weight loss or gain, frequent bowel movements, lower leg edema, infertility, fatigue, and more. Treatment for hyperthyroidism depends on the cause and can include medications or surgery.
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