What Are the Three Types of ADHD?

Reviewed on 10/14/2021

The three major types of ADHD  (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) include 1) combined, 2) inattentive and distractible, and 3) impulsive/hyperactive.
The three major types of ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) include 1) combined, 2) inattentive and distractible, and 3) impulsive/hyperactive.

ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, previously called attention deficit disorder, or ADD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. 

The three major types of ADHD include:

  • Combined 
    • The most common type of ADHD
    • Characterized by impulsiveness and hyperactivity combined with inattentiveness and distractibility
  • Inattentive and distractible 
    • Characterized by with inattentiveness and distractibility without hyperactivity
  • Impulsive/hyperactive 
    • The least common type of ADHD
    • Characterized by impulsiveness and hyperactivity without with inattentiveness and distractibility

What Are Symptoms of ADHD?

Symptoms of ADHD include: 

  • Hyperactivity
    • Restlessness 
    • Difficulty staying seated 
    • Excessive squirming and fidgeting
    • Excessive talking
    • Difficulty playing quietly
  • Impulsivity
    • Interrupting others' activities
    • Disruptive classroom behavior
    • Talking excessively 
    • Problems getting along with others 
    • Blurting out answers too quickly
    • Difficulty taking turns
    • Inability to resist temptation
    • Unintentional injury
    • Unnecessary risk taking
  • Inattention
    • Inability to concentrate
    • Lack of attention to detail
    • Daydreaming
    • Disorganization
    • Forgetfulness
    • Easy distractibility
    • Making careless mistakes
    • Poor follow-through with assignments or tasks
    • Underachieving in school
    • Losing or misplacing things

How Is ADHD Diagnosed?

ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is diagnosed first by ruling out other conditions that can have similar symptoms. 

The American Psychiatric Association defines the diagnostic criteria for ADHD as:

  • Symptoms must be present in more than one setting (e.g., school and home)
  • Symptoms must persist for at least six months
  • Symptoms must be present before the age of 12 years
  • Symptoms must impair function in academic, social, or occupational activities
  • Symptoms must be excessive for the age of the child
  • Other mental disorders that could account for the symptoms must be excluded

What Is the Treatment for ADHD?

ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is treated with a combination of behavior therapy and medication. 

Behavioral treatments are usually recommended for preschool-aged children before trying medications. School-aged children with ADHD often respond well to stimulant medication plus behavioral treatments and counseling. 

Medications used to treat ADHD include: 

SLIDESHOW

ADHD Symptoms in Children See Slideshow

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Reviewed on 10/14/2021
References
https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/index.html

https://www.uptodate.com/contents/symptoms-and-diagnosis-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-beyond-the-basics?search=adhd&source=search_result&selectedTitle=5~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=5

https://www.uptodate.com/contents/treatment-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-beyond-the-basics?search=adhd&topicRef=1210&source=see_link

https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/adhdadd