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Alzheimer's Disease in Down SyndromeAlzheimer's disease is a progressive form of dementia strongly associated with old age. Down Syndrome is a congenital condition that leads to intellectual disabilities, among other problems that tend to shorten life. Alzheimer's manifests in those with Down syndrome with similar signs and symptoms to the way it manifests in those without Down, however, it tends to begin in the patient's 40s and 50s.
Bell’s Palsy vs StrokeStroke occurs when a part of the brain is damaged because a blood vessel in the brain is blocked, leaks, or bursts. Bell's palsy (also called idiopathic facial palsy) is a condition in which patients experience temporary facial paralysis or weakness on one side of the face when the nerve that controls the muscles of the face fails to work properly or becomes injured.
Down SyndromeDown syndrome is a genetic disorder that is caused by an extra chromosome 21. Down syndrome is also referred to as Trisomy 21. Other variations of Down syndrome include Robertsonian translocation and partial/segmental trisomy, and mosaic Down syndrome. There is no treatment for Down syndrome.
Seizures and FeverFebrile seizures, also known as convulsions, body spasms, or shaking, occur mainly in children and are caused by fever. (Febrile is derived from the Latin febris, meaning fever.)
Fever in AdultsA fever is a body temperature of 100.4 F or greater. A fever may be caused by a virus, bacteria, fungus, blood clot, tumor, drug, or the environment. Treatment of fever in adults usually involves ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or aspirin.
Fever in ChildrenFever is defined as a rectal temperature over 100.4 F or 38 C. Fever isn't life-threatening unless it is persistently high - greater than a 107 F rectal temperature. Fever is usually caused by an infection. Treatment focuses on controlling the temperature, preventing dehydration, and monitoring for serious illness.
Wilderness: SeizureEpilepsy (seizure disorders) is a neurological condition that causes a series of jerking movements and loss of consciousness. Seizures are caused by disordered electrical activity in the brain rooted in a seizure disorder like epilepsy or a number of other primary causes. Seizures can be managed with medication.
Seizures EmergenciesSeizures refer to uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain. Symptoms of seizures range from mild to severe and can lead to death. A number of factors can lead to seizures, including brain tumor, injury, and fever. Emergency treatment for seizures can include antiseizure medications to help prevent seizures emergencies.
Seizures in ChildrenA seizure occurs when the brain functions abnormally, and can affect different parts of the brain and body. The types of seizures which most often occur in children are febrile, neonatal, and epileptic. Seizures may be partial or general. Treatment depends on the underlying cause of the seizures.
What Causes Down SyndromeCells normally contain 23 pairs of chromosomes, one from the mother and one from the father, and each pair is assigned a number between 1 and 23. People with Down syndrome are born with three, instead of two, copies of chromosome 21. This leads to lifelong intellectual disability and other health problems.
Bell’s Palsy vs. Stroke Stroke occurs when a part of the brain is damaged because a blood vessel in the brain is blocked, leaks, or bursts. Bell's palsy (also called idiopathic facial palsy) is a condition in which patients experience temporary facial paralysis or weakness on one side of the face when the nerve that controls the muscles of the face fails to work properly or becomes injured.
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