What Is Menopause?
Menopause usually occurs between the ages of 45 to 55 years, with an average age of 51 years.
What Are Symptoms of Menopause?
Some women have few or no menopausal symptoms, and other women have symptoms that interfere with their life.
Symptoms of menopause include:
What Is Menopause Belly?
When women go through menopause, body fat often shifts and settles around the midsection. This is often referred to as “menopause belly.” This is caused by the decrease in the production of estrogen.
These hormonal changes can also contribute to overall body weight gain.
What Causes Menopause?
Once a woman has not had any periods for 12 full months, menopause has been reached.
Menopause may also be caused by:
- Surgical removal the ovaries (oophorectomy)
- Chemotherapy and radiation treatments for cancer
- Hormone therapy treatment for breast cancer
- Premature ovarian failure (also called primary ovarian insufficiency) caused by:
How Is Menopause Diagnosed?
What Is the Treatment for Menopause?
Some women have no symptoms of menopause or only mild symptoms and do not need treatment.
Treatments to ease bothersome symptoms of menopause may include:
- Menopausal hormone therapy
- Estrogen for hot flashes
- Hormone therapy to relieve hot flashes and other symptoms of menopause, including vaginal dryness, depression, and other mood problems
- Vaginal estrogen for vaginal dryness
- Antidepressants for depression
- Kegel exercises to strengthen pelvic floor muscles for urinary incontinence
- Vaginal lubricants or other moisturizers for vaginal dryness and painful intercourse
- Lifestyle changes can help with menopause belly
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