What Could Headaches Be A Sign Of?

Reviewed on 10/6/2020

What Are Headaches and Types?

Headache
When headaches are caused by an underlying medical condition, they are called secondary headaches. Headaches could be a sign of stroke and others.

Pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the head (occipital), or in the back of the upper neck. Headache, like chest pain or backache, has many causes. 

There are different types of headaches.  The most common types of headaches are:

  • Tension headaches (the most common form of headache) cause pressure or tightness on both sides of the head
  • Migraine headaches often affect one side of the head and feel like pounding or throbbing pain
  • Sinus headaches feature pain and pressure in the sinus area
  • Other types of headaches that occur less frequently include
    • Cluster headaches, which are short but painful headaches that can occur for weeks or months at a time
    • Chronic daily headaches
    • Medication overuse headaches
    • Exercise-induced headaches

What Causes Headaches?

Tension headaches can be caused by:

Migraine headaches may be triggered by many of the same things that can trigger tension headaches. Additionally, migraines may be triggered by: 

When headaches are caused by an underlying medical condition, they are called secondary headaches. Headaches could be a sign of:

How Are Headaches Diagnosed?

A doctor will take a history and perform a physical exam. Tests used to diagnose the type or cause of the headache include: 

What Is the Treatment for Headaches?

Treatment for tension and migraine headaches includes: 

In addition to the above, migraine headaches may also be treated with:

How Do You Prevent Headaches?

Some headaches may be prevented by avoiding headache triggers, such as:

  • Stress
  • Skipping meals 
  • Too much or too little caffeine
  • Sleeping too much or too little
  • Drinking alcohol
  • Certain drinks or foods

Relaxation techniques and stress management may also help prevent some headaches. 

QUESTION

A migraine is a result of neurological (nerve) dysfunction. See Answer

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Reviewed on 10/6/2020
References
Source:

https://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/causes-of-headaches

https://www.uptodate.com/contents/headaches-in-adults-the-basics?search=headache&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=1

https://www.uptodate.com/contents/evaluation-of-headache-in-adults?search=sinus%20headache&source=search_result&selectedTitle=2~89&usage_type=default&display_rank=2

https://www.ihateheadaches.org/what-diseases-cause-secondary-headaches https://www.uptodate.com/contents/tension-type-headache-in-adults-acute-treatment?search=headache%20treatment%27&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=1

https://www.uptodate.com/contents/acute-treatment-of-migraine-in-adults?search=headache%20treatment&source=search_result&selectedTitle=7~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=7