What Is BNP?
BNP stands for B-type natriuretic peptide, which is a type of protein that increases in the body when heart failure worsens.
BNP is measured using a blood test.
What Is a BNP test Used For?
The measurement of BNP helps to establish the diagnosis of heart failure (HF) or to determine if existing heart failure has worsened.
What Is the Range for BNP?
- The normal range for BNP is less than 100 pg/mL.
- High: More than 400 pg/mL
- Between 100-400 pg/mL requires a doctor’s evaluation
What Does a High BNP Mean?
A BNP between 100-400 pg/mL may be considered a “gray zone,” and a diagnosis depends on a careful physical examination and additional testing to determine the cause.
A BNP greater than 400 pg/mL indicates that heart failure is likely.
Other conditions that are associated with a high BNP other than congestive heart failure include:
- Acute renal failure and chronic renal failure
- Patients on dialysis
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- Lung diseases
- Cardiac causes
- Older age
- Female sex
- Liver cirrhosis