What Does Crohn's Pain Feel Like?

Reviewed on 4/16/2021

Crohn's disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes symptoms such as persistent diarrhea, rectal bleeding, urgent need to have a bowel movement, abdominal pain that feels like cramping, feeling of incomplete bowel evacuation, and constipation (may lead to bowel obstruction). Other symptoms may include eye problems, mouth sores, joint pain and swelling, skin problems, fever, night sweats, loss of appetite, weight loss, and more.
Crohn’s disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes symptoms such as persistent diarrhea, rectal bleeding, urgent need to have a bowel movement, abdominal pain that feels like cramping, feeling of incomplete bowel evacuation, and constipation (may lead to bowel obstruction). Other symptoms may include eye problems, mouth sores, joint pain and swelling, skin problems, fever, night sweats, loss of appetite, weight loss, and more.

Crohn’s disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that is a chronic inflammatory condition of the gastrointestinal tract. 

Crohn’s disease can affect any part of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract from the mouth to the anus. Another type of inflammatory bowel disease, ulcerative colitis, only affects the colon (large intestine). 

Symptoms of Crohn’s disease may include: 

Crohn’s disease can also cause symptoms in the body outside the GI tract, including: 

What Causes Crohn’s Disease?

The cause of Crohn’s disease is not fully understood. Several factors may contribute to the development of the disease, including:

  • Genetic factors
  • Crohn’s disease tends to run in families
  • Between 5% and 20% of people with IBD have a first-degree relative, such as a parent, child, or sibling, who has IBD
  • The risk is significantly higher when both parents have IBD
  • Crohn’s disease is most common among people of eastern European backgrounds
  • Environmental factors

Crohn’s disease is more common in:

  • Developed countries
  • Urban cities and towns
  • Northern climates

How Is Crohn’s Disease Diagnosed?

Crohn’s disease is diagnosed with a patient history and physical examination, along with tests to look for signs of Crohn’s disease and rule out other medical conditions. Tests may include: 

SLIDESHOW

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) Causes, Symptoms, Treatment See Slideshow

What Is the Treatment for Crohn’s Disease?

Crohn’s disease is often treated with a combination of medication, diet changes, and sometimes surgery.

Medications used to treat Crohn’s disease include:

Diet changes used to treat Crohn’s disease include:

  • Maintain good nutrition 
  • Consume soft, bland foods during flares
  • Avoid spicy or high-fiber foods during flares
  • Restricting dairy intake if you are lactose-intolerant

Surgery used to treat Crohn’s disease includes:

  • Strictureplasty: repairs a narrowing (stricture) by widening the narrowed area without removing any portion of the intestine
  • Proctocolectomy: removal of the colon and rectum
  • Colectomy: removal of the colon
  • Fistula removal
  • Bowel resection: removes a portion of the small or large intestine damaged by Crohn’s disease
  • Abscess drainage

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Reviewed on 4/16/2021
References
https://www.crohnscolitisfoundation.org/