What Does It Mean if You Cough Up Blood?: Coughing up blood (hemoptysis) can be caused by a number of conditions, some of which are serious. See a doctor if you cough up blood to determine the underlying cause.
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Acute BronchitisBronchitis is a disease of the respiratory system in which the bronchial passages become inflamed. There are two types of bronchitis, acute and chronic. Symptoms of acute bronchitis include frequent cough with mucus, lack of energy, wheezing, and possible fever. Treatment may require medication such as bronchial inhalers and predinsone. Supportive treatment is focused on relieving the symptoms with fever reducers, cough suppressants, and rest. Treatment may be more aggressive in patients with pre-existing conditions such as emphysema, COPD, or cigarette smoking.
BronchitisBronchitis is inflammation of the air passages in the lungs. There are several viruses and bacteria that cause bronchitis. Exposure to pollutants or tobacco smoke are also risks. Bronchitis is contagious if it is viral or bacterial. It is not contagious if it is due to smoking, air pollution, and other inhaled irritants. Symptoms of bronchitis include cough, sore throat, wheezing, fever, chills, etc. Treatment for bronchitis depends on the cause.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung condition in which there is a long-lasting obstruction of the airways, and occurs with emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and/or asthma. Causes of COPD include cigarette smoking, exposure to secondhand smoke and environmental tobacco smoke, Alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency, airway hyper-responsiveness, and air pollution. Symptoms of COPD include a productive cough and acute chest illness, shortness of breath, wheezing, heart failure, cyanosis, and weight loss. Treatment of COPD includes medications, oxygen therapy, surgery, and lung transplant.
How Do I Stop Coughing at NightCuring a cough at night depends on the cause. Antibiotics for bacterial throat infections will clear them up, but viral illnesses need rest, fluids and time. Over-the-counter medications can help with symptoms. Bronchodilators are used for people with asthma or severe lung infections.
Lung CancerLung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths. Symptoms and signs include coughing up blood, chest pain, wheezing, and chronic respiratory infections. Treatment depends upon the tumor stage, type of lung cancer, and the patient's overall physical condition.
How Do I Stop Coughing at Night? Curing a cough at night depends on the cause. Antibiotics for bacterial throat infections will clear them up, but viral illnesses need rest, fluids and time. Over-the-counter medications can help with symptoms. Bronchodilators are used for people with asthma or severe lung infections.
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