What Foods Should I Avoid with Fibromyalgia?

Reviewed on 5/17/2021

Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes pain, sleep problems, fatigue, and depression that can sometimes interfere with a person's daily life. Foods that can trigger fibromyalgia pain include refined sugar, caffeine, chocolate, alcohol, fried foods, red meat, processed foods and others.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes pain, sleep problems, fatigue, and depression that can sometimes interfere with a person's daily life. Foods that can trigger fibromyalgia pain include refined sugar, caffeine, chocolate, alcohol, fried foods, red meat, processed foods and others.

Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes widespread pain and tenderness throughout the body, sleep problems, fatigue, and depression

Foods that can trigger fibromyalgia pain tend to be foods that can cause inflammation, irritate the muscles, and affect the immune system. 

Foods that may trigger fibromyalgia pain include: 

  • Refined sugar
  • Caffeine
  • Chocolate 
  • Alcohol
  • Fried foods
  • Red meat
  • Processed foods
  • Foods high in fat
  • Foods high in salt
  • Refined foods such as white bread and pasta
  • Trans fats, found in commercial baked goods such as cookies, crackers, cakes, French fries, onion rings, donuts, and margarine
  • Foods that may provoke allergic reactions, such as:
    • Grains that contain gluten (wheat, rye, oats)
    • Dairy products
    • Eggs
    • Corn
    • Soy and tofu
    • Peanuts
    • Citrus fruits
    • Yeast
    • Chemical additives
    • Preservatives
    • Artificial colorings and flavorings

Patients may be advised to keep a food diary to track which foods they eat so they can learn which foods trigger symptoms. An elimination diet may be recommended to assess whether a certain food causes or worsens symptoms.

What Are Symptoms of Fibromyalgia?

Symptoms of fibromyalgia include:

When symptoms of fibromyalgia temporarily increase in frequency or intensity, it is called a fibromyalgia attack or flare-up. 

What Causes Fibromyalgia?

It is unknown what causes fibromyalgia. 

Risk factors for fibromyalgia include: 

QUESTION

What characterizes fibromyalgia? See Answer

How Is Fibromyalgia Diagnosed?

Fibromyalgia is diagnosed with a patient history and physical examination, along with tests such as: 

  • Blood tests
  • X-rays

Criteria used to help diagnose fibromyalgia may include:

  • A history of widespread pain and symptoms lasting more than 3 months
  • The number of areas throughout the body in which pain has occurred in the past week, based on the total of number of painful areas out of 19 parts of the body, plus the level of severity of these symptoms: 
    • Fatigue
    • Waking unrefreshed
    • Cognitive (memory or thought) problems
  • No other health problems that explain the pain and other symptoms

What Is the Treatment for Fibromyalgia?

Treatment for fibromyalgia may include: 

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Reviewed on 5/17/2021
References
https://www.cdc.gov/arthritis/basics/fibromyalgia.htm

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/fibromyalgia#tab-overview

https://www.rheumatology.org/I-Am-A/Patient-Caregiver/Diseases-Conditions/Fibromyalgia

http://nutritionmedicine.org/what-is/what-is-fibromyalgia/natural-treatments-for-fibromyalgia/