What Is Lupus Nephritis? Symptoms & Treatment

Reviewed on 4/29/2022
What Is Lupus Nephritis
Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease that causes the immune system to mistakenly attack its own tissues and organs. When lupus affects the kidneys, it is called lupus nephritis.

Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease that causes the immune system to mistakenly attack its own tissues and organs, causing inflammation and pain, commonly in the skin, joints, kidneys, and brain. 

When lupus affects the kidneys, it is called lupus nephritis.

What Are Symptoms of Lupus Nephritis?

Symptoms of lupus nephritis may include symptoms that are similar to lupus as well as:

How Is Lupus Nephritis Diagnosed?

If a person has been diagnosed with lupus, lupus nephritis can be diagnosed with medical  history and physical examination, and tests such as:

  • Urine test to check for protein and blood
  • Blood tests
    • Antiphospholipid antibodies  
    • Protein levels
    • Cholesterol
    • Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) which shows how well the kidneys filter waste
    • Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) 
  • Kidney biopsy 

What Is the Treatment for Lupus Nephritis?

Lupus nephritis is treated by treating lupus as well as the kidney symptoms of lupus nephritis. 

Home treatment that may help patients manage symptoms of lupus include:

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Reviewed on 4/29/2022
References
Image Source:

https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/lupus

https://www.allinforlupusnephritis.com/about-lupus-nephritis/signs-and-symptoms

https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/kidney-disease/lupus-nephritis

https://www.lupus.org/

https://www.uptodate.com/contents/epidemiology-and-pathogenesis-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus?search=What%20Causes%20Lupus%3F&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=1#H7

https://www.uptodate.com/contents/clinical-manifestations-and-diagnosis-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-adults?search=Lupus&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=1#H2215760526

https://www.cdc.gov/lupus/basics/women.htm