What Is an Aneurysm?
An aneurysm is an abnormal ballooning or widening in an artery that occurs when part of an artery wall weakens.
Aneurysms can occur anywhere in the body. Common locations for aneurysms include:
What Are Symptoms of an Aneurysm?
Aneurysms often have no symptoms because they develop slowly.
If an aneurysm occurs near the surface of the skin, symptoms may include:
- A visible throbbing mass
If an aneurysm swells quickly or ruptures, symptoms can develop suddenly and include:
- Clammy skin
- Fast heart rate
- Low blood pressure (hypotension)
- Death (in the case of rupture)
Additional symptoms for aneurysm depend on the location and may include:
- Aortic aneurysm
- A noticeable pulsation near the navel
- Abdominal or back pain
- A clogged blood vessel in a leg, which can lead to symptoms in the leg or foot such as pain, numbness, tingling, paleness, coolness to the touch
- Cerebral aneurysm
- Popliteal artery aneurysm
- Mesenteric artery aneurysm
- Splenic artery aneurysm
- Vague abdominal discomfort
- Left shoulder discomfort associated with irritation of the diaphragm
How Is an Aneurysm Diagnosed?
An aneurysm is diagnosed with imaging tests such as:
What Is the Treatment for an Aneurysm?
A ruptured aneurysm is a medical emergency. Call 911 or get to a hospital’s emergency department immediately.
If you’ve been diagnosed with an unruptured aneurysm, your doctor will want to monitor you for any changes to the aneurysm.
Some treatments for aneurysms include:
- Open surgery
- Endovascular surgery
- Flow diversion devices
What Are Complications of an Aneurysm?
Complications of an aneurysm include:Aneurysm rupture: this is serious and, in some cases, can cause instant death
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