STD stands for sexually transmitted diseases (also called sexually transmitted infections or STIs), which are common infections transmitted from person-to-person through sexual activity such as vaginal, oral, and anal sex.
Common STDs include:
The first signs and symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can vary depending on the infection and people frequently have no signs of STDs. In addition, symptoms of an STD may develop within a few days or weeks, but in some cases, they may not occur until months or years after exposure to the infectious agent.
Symptoms may include:
- Abnormal vaginal or penile discharge
- Pain or burning sensation when urinating
- Urinary frequency
- Rectal or anal pain, discharge, itching, soreness, or bleeding
- Blisters or sores in the genital area
- Blisters on the mouth or lips
- Swollen lymph nodes in the groin
- Genital warts
- Painful sexual intercourse
- Bleeding after sex
- Loss of appetite
- Stomach/abdominal upset or pain
- Pain and swelling in one or both testicles in men (less common)
If you have any symptoms of an STD, is important to see a doctor to be diagnosed, because treatment varies depending on the cause.
What Is the Treatment for STDs?
Treatment for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) varies depending on the infection.
- Sexual partners should also be treated because reinfection is possible
- Patients and their partners should avoid sex until both have been treated
- Patients should be retested three months after treatment
Hepatitis A and B are treated with:
- Drinking adequate fluids
- Getting enough rest
- Proper nutrition
- Hospitalization (severe cases)
- Herpes is treated with:
- Antiviral medicines
- Over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or acetaminophen (Tylenol)
- Keeping the genital area clean and dry
- Sitz baths
- Avoiding tight clothing
- Prescription medication for genital warts
- Cervical precancer treatments
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