What Level of CA 125 Indicates Cancer?: CA 125 is a kind of protein, spikes in the levels of which may indicate ovarian cancer. The normal range for CA 125 is 0 to 35 units/ml, but increases may indicate conditions other than cancer, and thus this test must be done in conjunction with other diagnostic tools to confirm the presence of cancer.
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Ovarian CancerOvarian cancer occurs when tumors in the female reproductive organs, the ovaries, grow out of control. Doctors aren't sure what causes ovarian cancer, but heredity plays a role. Symptoms include: Pelvic pain or pressure, Pain with intercourse, Abdominal swelling and bloating, Urinary frequency, Constipation, Ascites (collection of fluid in the abdomen), Loss of appetite, Feeling full after eating little, Gas and/or diarrhea, Nausea and vomiting, and Abnormalities in menstruation. Treatment may include surgery followed by chemotherapy.
Ovarian Cancer vs Ovarian Cysts Symptoms and SignsOvarian cancer is a less common group of different types of cancer that start in the cells lining the ovaries. It is the fifth leading cause of cancer of the female reproductive system. Ovarian cysts are closed sac-like, fluid-filled structures in the ovaries. Ovarian cancer and ovarian cysts have similar symptoms and signs, for example, lower abdominal and/or pelvic pain, abdominal bloating, pain during intercourse, pelvic pain, urinary problems, constipation, and feeling full while eating. The differences in the signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer and ovarian cysts include, 1) ovarian cancer can cause symptoms of fluid in the abdomen (ascites), loss of appetite, and menstrual abnormalities. 2) Ovarian cysts can cause lower back pain, pelvic pain after strenuous exercise, infertility, and heartburn. Most ovarian cancers occur in women who have finished menopause, around 45-70 years old, while ovarian cysts are common and occur in women of all ages. Some types of ovarian cysts increase the risk or may lead to ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer of the female reproductive system.
Ovarian Cancer Symptoms vs PregnancyThe symptoms that can be common to both ovarian cancer and pregnancy are as follows: pelvic discomfort, abdominal swelling and/or bloating, urinary frequency, constipation, abnormalities in menstruation, nausea and vomiting and fatigue. Symptoms of pregnancy that are not usually seen in ovarian cancer are premenstrual syndrome (PMS), missed menstrual period, breast swelling and/or tenderness, weight gain and fetal development in the uterus.
Ovarian Cancer vs IBS Irritable Bowel SyndromeCancer of the ovary or other ovarian tissue has few symptoms until the cancer has progressed severely or spread to other organs and tissues of the body (metastasized). Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a condition in which the function of the small intestine is impaired, share similar symptoms and signs with ovarian cancer, for example, abdominal cramping and pain, abdominal distention, diarrhea, constipation, gas, and bloating. Ovarian cancer symptoms and signs that do not occur with IBS include irregular vaginal bleeding, painful intercourse, urinating frequently (if the tumor is pressing on the bladder), and ascites. Signs and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome that do not occur with ovarian cancer include IBS-D (irritable bowel syndrome with predominantly diarrhea), IBS-C (irritable bowel syndrome with predominantly constipation), passing mucous with stool, and changes in stool consistency and frequency.
Ovarian CystsThere are several different types of ovarian cysts (noncancerous growths). Follicular, corpus luteum, hemorrhagic, dermoid, endometrioid (endometriomas), polycystic-appearing ovary, and cystadenoma. There are a variety of causes of ovarian cysts. Some are previous history, irregular menses, increased upper body fat, early menses, infertility, hypothyroidism, or side effect of medication. Symptoms include lower abdominal pain, pain after sex, urination, or bowel movements, nausea, or vomiting. Treatment depends upon the cause of the ovarian cyst.
What Are the Symptoms of Stage 1 Ovarian CancerSymptoms of ovarian cancer that may be present in stage 1 and later include pelvic pain, bloating, loss of appetite, urinary problems, painful sexual intercourse and other symptoms.
Ovarian Cancer Symptoms vs. Pregnancy The symptoms that can be common to both ovarian cancer and pregnancy are as follows: pelvic discomfort, abdominal swelling and/or bloating, urinary frequency, constipation, abnormalities in menstruation, nausea and vomiting and fatigue. Symptoms of pregnancy that are not usually seen in ovarian cancer are premenstrual syndrome (PMS), missed menstrual period, breast swelling and/or tenderness, weight gain and fetal development in the uterus.
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