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Chest Injuries

Chest Injuries Overview

A chest injury can occur as the result of an accidental or deliberate penetration of a foreign object into the chest. This type of injury can also result from a blunt trauma, leading to chest wall injury (causing rib bruises, fracture, lung or heart contusions).

Chest Injury Symptoms

  • Difficulty breathing, failure of the chest to expand normally, crunching sounds in the ribs, bruising, and coughing up blood indicate a chest injury.
  • One segment of the chest wall may not move with breathing or move opposite to the rest of the chest wall (flail chest).
  • Even without an obvious external injury, a significant internal injury can occur.

Chest Injuries Treatment

  • An object that remains in the chest injury should not be removed.
  • An airtight dressing such as tin foil or a plastic sack should be used as quickly as possible to cover any hole that extends into the chest cavity.
  • The injured person should be positioned with the injured side down.
  • The injured person should be given pure oxygen to breathe.
  • The neck and back of the injured person should be immobilized after a possible chest injury.
  • CPR may be necessary.

When to Seek Medical Care

A person with a chest injury should seek medical treatment as soon as possible.

Medically reviewed by Martin E Zipser, MD; American board of Surgery

"Initial evaluation and management of chest wall trauma in adults"

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/23/2015
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