Epilepsy (seizure disorders) is a neurological condition that causes a series of jerking movements and loss of consciousness. Seizures are caused by disordered electrical activity in the brain rooted in a seizure disorder like epilepsy or a number of other primary causes. Seizures can be managed with medication.
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Do Seizures Kill Brain CellsSeizures are caused by a sudden surge of abnormal electrical activity in the brain that can affect the way a person appears or acts for a short time. Seizures (both repetitive and brief seizures) can kill brain cells (neurons).
Seizures and FeverFebrile seizures, also known as convulsions, body spasms, or shaking, occur mainly in children and are caused by fever. (Febrile is derived from the Latin febris, meaning fever.)
Seizures EmergenciesSeizures refer to uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain. Symptoms of seizures range from mild to severe and can lead to death. A number of factors can lead to seizures, including brain tumor, injury, and fever. Emergency treatment for seizures can include antiseizure medications to help prevent seizures emergencies.
Seizures in ChildrenSeizures are caused by abnormal brain activity that leads to a change in movement, focus or attention, or level of awareness. Learn about symptoms, causes, and home treatment.
Transient Ischemic Attack (Mini-Stroke)A transient ischemic attack (TIA), or mini-stroke, is often a warning sign of a future stroke - you should call paramedics right away (dial 911 in the U.S.). Blood clots, occluded arteries and leaking blood vessels caused by high blood pressure may cause TIAs. Symptoms: include neurologic deficits, speech problems, vision problems, and confusion.
What Are the Three Types of SeizuresSeizures are caused by a sudden surge of abnormal electrical activity in the brain, which can affect how a person appears or acts, but for a short period of time. The types of seizures include generalized onset seizures, focal onset seizures, and unknown onset seizures.
What Can Cause Seizures?Seizures occur when there is a sudden surge of abnormal electrical activity in the brain that usually affects how a person appears or acts for a short time.
What Causes Tonic SeizuresSeizures are caused by a sudden surge of abnormal electrical activity in the brain, which can be due to many different conditions. Common triggers for tonic seizures may include stress, lack of sleep, waking up, missed medications, drinking alcohol/alcohol withdrawal, some medications, illegal drug use, menstrual cycle or other hormonal changes, and others.
Expert Views and News
- Late Seizure Relapse After Epilepsy Surgery
- Encouraging Results for New Epilepsy Drug
- FDA Clears First Nasal Spray for Cluster Seizures
- FDA Warns of 'Serious' Problems With Gabapentin
- Seizure Control in Resistant Epilepsy
- Intense Step Training Helps After Stroke
- Panel Backs Cannabis Drug for Severe Epilepsy
- Striking New-Onset Seizure Risk With Dementia
- Febrile Seizures, Mental Illness, Epilepsy
- FDA OKs First Nasal Spray for Seizure Clusters
- FDA Investigating Reports of Seizures After Vaping
- FDA Clears Epilepsy Smartwatch for Use in Kids
- DEA Reschedules CBD Drug for Epilepsy
- FDA Backs Cannabis Drug for Severe Epilepsy
- Epilepsy Treatment Outcomes Unchanged
- Antidepressants Linked to First-Time Seizures
- FDA Warns of Seizure, Alcohol Risk With Chantix
- When Medical Marijuana Doesn't Work
- Get Seizure Smart
- Epilepsy Drug Fycompa Approved by FDA
- Predicting Success Rates for Epilepsy Drugs
- No Rise in Seizure Risk With MMRV Booster Vaccine
- Surgery Often an Overlooked Option for Epilepsy
- Combo Vaccine May Raise Babies' Risk for Fever-Caused Seizures
- Surgery Keeps Many Epilepsy Patients Seizure-Free
- Seizure Drug May Extend Lives of Brain Cancer Patients
- Precautions Cut Sudden Death Risk of Epilepsy
- New Drug May Help Control Epilepsy Seizures
Seizures (Epilepsy) Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins
Pregabalin is an anti-epileptic drug, also called an anticonvulsant. It works by slowing down impulses in the brain that cause seizures. Pregabalin also aff...learn more »
Zonisamide is used together with other medicines to treat partial seizures in adults and teenagers at least 16 years old...learn more »
Oxcarbazepine is an anticonvulsant. It works by decreasing nerve impulses that cause seizures and pain...learn more »
Levetiracetam is used to treat certain types of seizures in people with epilepsy, including partial onset seizures, myoclonic seizures, and tonic-clonic seiz...learn more »
Topiramate is a seizure medicine, also called an anticonvulsant. Topiramate is used to treat certain types of seizures in adults and children who are at lea...learn more »
Fosphenytoin is an anticonvulsant that works by slowing down impulses in the brain that cause seizures...learn more »
Divalproex sodium comes in different pill forms that are for different uses...learn more »
Lamotrigine is an anti-epileptic medication, also called an anticonvulsant...learn more »
Gabapentin is used together with other medicines to treat partial seizures in adults and children at least 3 years old.learn more »
Methsuximide is an anti-epileptic medication, also called an anticonvulsant...learn more »
Ethosuximide is an anti-epileptic medication, also called an anticonvulsant...learn more »
Clorazepate is a benzodiazepine (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peen) that is used to treat anxiety disorders, partial seizures, or alcohol withdrawal symptoms...learn more »
Clonazepam is a benzodiazepine (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peen) that is used to treat certain seizure disorders (including absence seizures or Lennox-Gastaut syndro...learn more »
Acetazolamide reduces the activity of a protein in your body called carbonic anhydrase. Blocking this protein can help reduce the build-up of certain fluids...learn more »
Phenytoin is an anticonvulsant medication that is used to control seizures. Phenytoin does not treat all types of seizures, and your doctor will determine i...learn more »
Valproic acid is used to treat various types of seizure disorders. Valproic acid is sometimes used together with other seizure medications...learn more »