Zika Virus: Zika fever is a mosquito-borne disease caused by the Zika virus. Symptoms and signs include rash, headache, fever, conjunctivitis, and joint and muscle pain. Treatment focuses on relieving symptoms and signs. Zika fever infection during pregnancy has been associated with microcephaly in babies.
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Abdominal Pain in AdultsLearn about causes, symptoms, and treatment of abdominal pain in adults and when to seek medical care for related conditions such as pancreatitis, diverticulitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, and more.
DiarrheaDiarrhea can be caused by bacterial or viral infections, parasites, intestinal diseases or conditions, reactions to medications, and food intolerance or allergies. Symptoms of diarrhea include watery stools, abdominal cramping, fever, and dehydration. Most cases of diarrhea can be treated at home. In some cases (in the elderly, small children, or those with severe or chronic medical conditions) may need to be hospitalized due to dehydration.
Fever in AdultsA fever is a body temperature of 100.4 F or greater. A fever may be caused by a virus, bacteria, fungus, blood clot, tumor, drug, or the environment. Treatment of fever in adults usually involves ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or aspirin.
Fever in ChildrenWhat are causes, symptoms, and treatment (acetaminophen) of fever in children? Learn when to worry, when a high fever is an emergency, and how to take a rectal temperature.
Insect BitesInsect stings and bites are common. Common symptoms include pain, swelling, redness, and itching. Treatment of insect stings and bites depends on the type of insect. Some may require home remedies such as anti-inflammatory agents, antibiotics, and in some cases, surgery.
Abdominal Pain in ChildrenAbdominal pain in children can range from trivial to life-threatening. Symptoms of abdominal pain range from vomiting, diarrhea, fever, groin pain, urinary problems, or skin rash. The location of the abdominal pain may be around the belly button, occurs only at night, while eating. The pain pain also may be intermittent. Treatment of abdominal pain in children is depends on the cause. Possible causes of abdominal pain in children include infections, food related (food allergy or food poisoning), poisoning from medication, food, household products, appendicitis, diabetes, or spider bites.
Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis)Pinkeye (conjunctivitis) refers to a condition that makes the whites of the eyes look pink or red. Causes include colds, allergies, bacteria, fungus, parasites, and eye medications or cosmetics. Less commonly, autoimmune conditions and other rare conditions may be the cause. Pinkeye tends to resolve within five to 10 days. Bacterial conjunctivitis is treated with antibiotics. Hand washing and good hygiene can help prevent conjunctivitis.
PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction Test)PCR (polymerase chain reaction) is technique in molecular genetics that analyzes short sequences of DNA or RNA. PCR is used to help doctors diagnose HIV, viruses, and fungi in patients. RT-PCR is a test used to detect and measure RNA -- as of June 2020, this is the standard test to diagnose the presence of the SARS CoV-2 coronavirus responsible for the deadly COVID-19 pandemic.
Pregnancy PlanningPregnancy planning is important to help prevent exposure of the mother and fetus to potentially harmful medications and substances during the early days, and throughout the pregnancy. Nutritional planning, prevention of birth defects, conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, and kidney disease need careful monitoring. Gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and pregnancy-induced hypertension are conditions that may arise during pregnancy. Immunizations, inherited disorders, exercise, air travel, intercourse, and birth control are important factors to consider when planning a pregnancy.
Pregnancy Week by WeekPregnancy occurs when an egg is fertilized by a sperm, grows inside a woman's uterus (womb), and develops into a baby. In humans, this process takes about 280 days.
RashA rash is a visible skin outbreak. Examples of noninfectious rashes include eczema, psoriasis, contact dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, rosacea, hives, and allergic dermatitis. Types of infectious rashes include ringworm, impetigo, scabies, herpes, chickenpox, and shingles. Rashes may be caused by fungi, viruses, bacteria, and parasites. Treatment depends upon the type of rash.
Pregnancy Planning Pregnancy planning is important to help prevent exposure of the mother and fetus to potentially harmful medications and substances during the early days, and throughout the pregnancy. Nutritional planning, prevention of birth defects, conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, and kidney disease need careful monitoring. Gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and pregnancy-induced hypertension are conditions that may arise during pregnancy. Immunizations, inherited disorders, exercise, air travel, intercourse, and birth control are important factors to consider when planning a pregnancy.
Expert Views and News
- CDC: Zika Virus Definitely Causes Microcephaly
- Zika Coming: Some of U.S. Lacks Mosquito Control
- Screening Blood Donations for Zika Virus
- Defects in Kids After Zika Exposure
- New Mosquito Zika Threat Set to Return This Summer
- Woman Who Acquired Zika US Had Unusual Rash
- CDC Awards $184 Million to Zika Fight
- Little River, Florida Active Zika Transmission
- FDA Development of Zika Virus Vaccines
- Testing of Zika Vaccine in Humans Begins
- Zika Ariel Spraying Interrupts Florida Spread
- Aerial Spraying For The Mosquito That Carries Zika
- Zika Virus: Universal Testing of Donated Blood
- New Zika Threat to Babies: Late-Onset Microcephaly
- NIH Tests Zika Vaccine in Humans
- Florida Confirms Local Zika Cases
- CDC to Help States Battle Zika
- Is There a New Way to Get Zika?
- Zika Drives Heightened Mosquito Fears: Survey
- Can Bats Really Help Fight Mosquitos?
- Pregnant Women Affected by Zika Virus
- Urine More Accurate Than Blood for Zika Testing
- Couples Exposed to Zika Should Wait on Pregnancy
- WHO: Zika May Cause 'Severe Public Health Crisis'
- Puerto Rico Looks East for Help With Zika Mosquito
- Pregnant Puerto Ricans Fearful of Zika
- Fight Turns Personal for a Man at War With Zika
- WHO: Pregnant Women Shouldn't Travel to Zika Areas
- Zika on Our Doorstep
- Pregnant Travelers, Tough Choices on Zika Testing
- Guidance to Protect Blood Supply From Zika Virus
- U.S. Officials: Zika Focus Is on Pregnant Women
- Zika and Microcephaly: How Doctors Made the Link
- Emergency Declared Over Birth Defects Tied to Zika
- Tiny but Dangerous: The Mosquitoes Spreading Zika
- As Zika Virus Spreads, Doctors Try to Calm Fears
- Guidelines for Pregnancy During Zika Outbreak
- Zika Virus: What You Should Know
- First Case of Zika Virus Reported in Puerto Rico